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Lecture 5

Lecture 5 Baroque Rome.docx

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Department
Architecture Urban
Course Code
ARCU 3100
Professor
Yves Gosselin

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Lecture 5 Baroque Rome Feb 5 2013 Baroque Rome • Logical follow up to the Renaissance • Military city planning bourhgt from ideal city planning – last week • Rome is where the first major city planning happens View of the Forum in Rome • The Roman and some of the vestiages remain in place After Empire • City is essentially abandoned after the fall of he Empire – the first temporal ruler is Gregory I who is a pope • Rome and the paple states (surrounding areas) will be under the temporal rule of the pope o There’s a hierarchy which is really the hierarchy of the churc • City establsihees itself because the pope resides in Rome as the head of the Christian church • After the reformation, it remains the seta of the Catholicchurch • Rome remains a poor city, being abandoned – people are living amongst ruins • In order to increase revenues and to enhance the perception of Rome ast eh seat of the Christian church, the pope comes up with the idea of the Jubilee year – happens every 25 years • Tradition of inviting pilgrims throughout Europe to the Christian church starts with this • Pilgrimmage is to go the seven churches within the perimeter of Rome o You get the special right to purchase indulgences o Indulgences – basically buying off the right to commit sins Renaissance Italy • Changes which illustrate the compettion that existed – Florence and Sienna seen, Tuscany later established – Medici family holds power over many of these areas • Italian peninsula will be like this until the 19 century View of the Colosseum in Rome • Presence of the Roman vestiages will be significant in the snese that the achievements (especially in construction) are at a much higher technical skill level that they will spur on the Popes nad oother princes to try to achieve (through the development of Rome) a state that will rise in terms of its quality and aesthetic – they want to compare to Rome City Planning Problems • Need to improve movement of people – too many pilgrims – Rome itself has no more than 10 000 in population but has 30 000 pilgriams per day View of the Forum in Rome The Campidoglio (on the Capitoline Hill) • The top of the Capitoline Hill • This is what it looked like around 1400 • Medieval principle palazzo • Right hand – has Renaissance architecture Transformation of Capitol Hill • Demonstration of Rensaissance design pricniples and indicative of where Rome was going with its improvements • Some improvements around the building will occur Michelangelo’s plan 1550 The Palazzo del Senatore with its Renaissance façade Transformation based on the Plan by Michelangelo • Left hand – prior to transformation • Right hand- afterwards Significance of the Campidoglio • First time there’s formal plan that lays out how ll of this should occur • Concept is unified in terms of its façade – designed as a whole rather than individual buildings • Axis reinforced by the placement and nature of the stairs – one point perspective • Similar endeavor to what Bruneleeschi did in Florence The Campidoglio today Sixtus V • Pope in power for 5-6 years Major elements of the Plan • Pope kidn of lives until he dies – no abdication of pope • Adds more desitnatios within the circuit • Consular roads – original roads built by Romans Castel del Angelo • Medieval symbol of the Church – where the pope would go to if under attack • There’s a connection from the Vatican buildings to this as a refuge if a threat appears View of Castel & St. Peters The Plan Diagram • Primciple of plan to communicate via. The roads from the circle, the netwrosk that the pilgrims were expected ot follow in order to gain their indulgences • Obelisks placed in front of the places to visit – they were vestiges from the Roman empire – they’re using a symbol of the Roman Empire as a means fo signialing a circuit ot be followed Old & New Rome Obelisks as visual references • Becomes the visual between various spaces Major Corridors linking Obelisks • Number of works part of this plan – yellow lines show the new roads that wil
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