The term biotechnology was created in 1917 by karl ereky. Erek(cid:455)"s pro(cid:272)ess (cid:449)as a large s(cid:272)ale produ(cid:272)tio(cid:374) of pigs usi(cid:374)g sugar (cid:271)eets as a sour(cid:272)e of food. (cid:862)all li(cid:374)es of (cid:449)ork (cid:271)(cid:455) (cid:449)hi(cid:272)h produ(cid:272)ts are produ(cid:272)ed fro(cid:373) ra(cid:449) (cid:373)aterials (cid:449)ith the aid of li(cid:448)i(cid:374)g thi(cid:374)gs(cid:863) Biotechnology: using living organisms and their products for commercial purposes. Microbial biotechnology: manipulating of microorganisms such as such and bacteria. Ex: cellulose treatment of cotton to reduce the pill on fabric after frequent washing. Created to fight the worldwide vitamin a deficiency. 75% of processed food as ge ingredients. Only a few whole-foods are genetically engineered. In 1997, dolly, the first animal cloned from adult cells in scotland. Bioremediation: the use of biotechnology to process and degrade a variety of natural and manmade substances. Mouse cells tricked into growing outer portion of a human ear which can be surgically transferred to a human patient. 60 000 people need an organ transplant each year.