Class 8: Immigration, Migration and Work
Part 1: The Immigration Narrative
Educated Canadians, young Canadians, employed Canadians, and men support immigration
because, for two reasons, (1) the idea that it provides economic benefits and (2) it reflects our
pride in multiculturalism.
“Celebratory othering,” does this happen in Canada? How do we explain contradictions and
tensions with respects to how Canadians feel about immigration, multiculturalism and
What are the different views expressed in the video “diverse populations,” and what does this
mean to Canada?
Part 2: The Importance of Immigration
Simmons argues that Canada’s birth rates are declining considerably, as well as the people who
leave Canada, so without immigration our population would decline rapidly. Immigration also
helps an aging society, if our birth rate is lower, our population gets older, an older population is
costly (social service costs and fewer workers). The world is in short of workers; the work is not
where the workers are. People leave less developed countries to come to places like Canada
because they have the possibility of economic advancement.
Immigration is important for Canada:
• If population declines, the world population keeps growing, our share of the world
population will decrease as well as our economic impact which will marginalize us in
• Labour shortages – if we cannot fill jobs it will affect the competitiveness of our
• Aging population increases pressures on workers for taxes for social services, pensions,
• Even with all of the debates of immigration levels, the need for immigrants will continue
to be sustained because of the productivity impact.
There is more support for immigration (skilled labour) in the business world. There are a million
jobs that will be unfilled and will hurt the ability of our compa