# CGSC 1001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Centrifugal Force, Case-Based Reasoning

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2 Aug 2016
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CGSC 1001
Feb 2
Analogy
-particular kind of reasoning that finds relations between parts of things.
-more than just mere similarity
-easy to map faces onto intimate objects
Steps of analogy
-retrieval: finding something in memory similar to it. Trying to understand one concept by comparing it
to another.
-mapping: ex: professors can be compared to high school teachers
-transfer: sometimes transfer doesn’t work.
-adaption is when you alter it to make it better.
-evaluation: if its not good you might have to recreate your analogy
What kind of animal are you most like
-people will normally chose animals that represent certain traits that they like to think they espouse.
Mapping
-similarities between two things.
Mapping distant analogies
-less useful, harder to make mapping.
Structure mapping
-create a mapping system that can transfer between both situations.
-not looking specifically at what the objects are
-when making a mapping, you map them on their relationship and structure not on literal similarity
Transfer
-we transfer somethings but not another.
-on slide is experiment done by Faraday
-dropped iron filings between two magnets. They then formed a pattern
-at first thought it was a vortex in an ether. Ether has been disproven.
-thought magnets was causing ether to swirl. This cause centrifugal force and the magnets got closer
together.
Vortices in Ether
-transferred idea of gear system to physics theory
-thought that maybe there was tiny vortex in between the two bigger ones.
-used analogy to transfer an idea in one subject to another.
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