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Lecture

CLCV 1002 Lecture Notes - Erechtheion, Stylobate, Cimon


Department
Classical Civilization
Course Code
CLCV 1002
Professor
J.J.Gahan

Page:
of 2
Terms 6 --- 131025
Long walls
North walls : the wall connecting Athens and Piraeus on the North side
South walls : the walls connecting Athens and Piraeus on the south side
The Piraeus : a main port in Athens, the Long walls connect this port to Attica
Phalerum : a main port of Athens, the Long walls connect this port to Attica
Delian League / Athenian Empire
The League is composed of several Greek city states. The purpose was to keep fighting the Persians after the
battle of Plataea, the wanted to grow there navy. The league first asked Sparta if they would be in charge of the league and
the money to be spend on the military. However Sparta refused because they had enough fighting with the Persian. The
Athenian gladly took their place to show the military strength / dominance
Delos : The island of Delos was the official meeting place of the Delian league and were all the money would be
sent
Apollo : The island of Delos is the birthplace of Apollo
Aristides
His nickname was ‘the just’
He worked with Delian league
Cimon
Cimon / Kimon was a part of the Delian league
The forced karytos to join the league of that Athens could colonise it
Pericles
He assumed leadership of the Athenian democracy
Set forth the plan to rebuild the Acropolis
Help Athens take leadership of the Delian league
Pentecontaetia
The name of the time period between the end of the second Persian war and the Peloponnesian war
Pentlic marble (mount Pentelicon)
The marble was found in the Pentelicon mounts they used this marble to reconstruct the Acropolis
They used this marble because it was cheaper
Doric order Ionic order
Stylobate
Column
Colonnade
Capital
Doric frieze
Ionic frieze
Pediment
Temple insides
Porch
Cella
Back porch
Athenian Acropolis
Propylaea
oMnesicles: the architect of the Propylaea
Parthenon
oChryselephantine sculpture of Athena Parthenos : a massive gold and ivory statue of Athena
sound in the Parthenon
oIctinus and Callikrates : they are the architects of the Parthenon
oPhidias : he was the leader of all of the sculptors that worked in the Parthenon
Athena Nike
oCallikrates : the architect of the temple
Erechtheum
oMnesicles: the architect of the Erechtheum
oCaryatids porch : the porch is being held by six female figures, south side