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Lecture

War.docx


Department
Classical Civilization
Course Code
CLCV 1002
Professor
C L C V

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CLCV 1002
Lecture 19
Waging War
Losing a battle is important to a nation take it to the heart.
All armies are militia
o No professional soldiers
o Militia is a citizen army (citizens farmers, land
ownership//residents//slaves helots)
o They are AMATEURS
One wages war in spring or early autumn
o Weather conditions affect sea; ships cannot sail at specific times
Early Warfare
New culture, technology, circumstances
Homer and heroic battles are BEST IMAGE OF CULTURE fantasy, yet
Greeks admire him
HERO:
o Rich
o Aristocrat
o Escorted in battle
o Driven by chariots
o Fight duels
Aristocratic ideal (HERO VS HERO equal ranks)
General Melee Fight
o Mass of confusion within random warriors of both sides
o Big brawl, hand on hand combat, close combat
The tropaion:
o Defeat enemy; take goods and set up a turning point (meaning trophy)
The Hoplite
o Heavy infantry
o Dress like medieval soldier heavily dressed
o Aristocrat = safe (covered from head to toe)
They would fight in the front, due to the fact that they are
hardest to kill due to their full armor cover
o OLIGARCHIC GOVERNMENT
The Classical Period
Democracy
Hoplite simplified
Less armor
Laminated linen instead of bronze plates
o Lighter, cheaper
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