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Deliberation - Mar.12th.docx

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Carleton University
Communication Studies
COMM 2102
Ira Wagman

March 12 – Deliberation  Overarching theme, the role of forms of technology and communication in determining our participation in politics and in determining how we decide  Participation= how we decide to do something  Who gets to decide is a way of thinking about participation  All of this has to do with the discussion of politics, we have come to see lots of things as being political  Kellshaw believes that all forms of communications are political because they are about power, inequality, exploitation, access or lack thereof, or control (the reason we are able to talk to our friends over Skype is because we can afford a computer and internet)  KONY 2012 film, 20 years ago this film would not reach 73 million people over a week, this is due to the proliferation of media producers  Politics, the arts of government and how we govern over the people, we think of this as an exercise of power  From 17 to 19 century we call this the transition period from traditional to modern society  Due to: development of nations and capitalism, decline of monarchy and religion and rise of secularism (separation of church and state)  Role of politics is to protect the common wealth  Political Economy: starts in about the 18 century, primarily concerned with the best way to divide up the territory/resources  Adam Smith, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx believe that the way we divide up the land is a reflection of common values  Smith says we should divide them up through a market economy, “invisible hand “ of the market, market will allow for fair exchange of resources that will improve the common wealth  Marx believes that the free market exploits labour, he believes that they need to manage it, to intervene. A managed economy reflects the deep held values of society to take care of each other and allow for markets to develop  Broadcasting, in the US, the development of comm. radio became popular in the 1920’s without any significant state involvement. Learned that there are only so many frequencies on the air and radio stations were crowding each other out. How do we divide up the spectrum for common wealth.  In America in 1920’s there is a belief that the state controls one form of communication, the postal system. They didn’t want the state to have control over all forms of communication, it is in the publics interest that this doesn’t occur. Rather, the state should regulate the activities of private broadcasters. They say that private companies are the best to regulate radio. Many radio stations went out of business but there is one that didn’t, RCA (now known as NBC).  In Canada, broadcasting is in the national interest, not the public, because it has the capability to bring together/ nationalize the country. Since it is in the national interest, private companies cannot regulate it because they will only be in their own personal interest. This created the CBC.  Ownership  Communication Scholars believe that communication sources are not infinite, they are limited. They need to ensure that these resources are divided up evenly for everyone. And therefore they are interested with questions of ownership and questions of access. They want to ensure that ownership of media is spread out evenly.  Canada has always been seen as making decisions that benefit the national interest. But recently, in Canada there are limits of who can own media. They try to eliminate foreign competitors.  Access  Net-neutrality, belief that everyone should have the same speed on the internet. There is also another notion that people who pay for it should get faster internet then others  What does the structuring of these communications have to say about the values we have  Post WWII: consumerism, rapid improvements for many people in the quality of life. Post modern era. In providing these basic conditions for living, there are problems. Rise of identity politics (civil rights movement, women’s movement). In providing this stability, the governme
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