CRCJ1000 Jan 8th Lec 1.docx

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Criminology and Criminal Justice
CRCJ 1000
Nicolas Carrier

CRCJ1000 Lec 1 Jan 8 2013h Office Hours of TA: Thursday 2-4pm LOEB C577 What is criminology? Classical: studying law making, the breaking of laws and the reaction to the breaking of laws – Sutherland - Studying crimes, criminals and criminalization. Scientifically establish a difference in us and them. - Criminalization: studying the application of criminal law Crime - Asks different questions: trends, decreasing, increasing, victims…etc (see slide) - Epidemiological Approach: There is crime or there is no crime. - Critical Criminologists: trouble this idea of crime is a obvious observation - Look at crime as a form of a disease Adolphe Quetelet & Guerry - Study of society and various forms of behaviour - Social Physics and Moral Stats studying human behaviour - Social Physics: we can find patterns of human behaviours that can vary according to factors - Moral Stats: - Crime occurs among the young – contemporary criminology - Maps of distribution of crime in France – Quetelet - Tried to discover an association with the climate and crime - Looked at broader scales and broad patterns of human behaviour. Predictive Policing - New software’s develop to guide policing strategies – predictive policing - Police forces use – software tells them where to go do their policing activities - - which crime took place where and when - This is used to shape policing practices 3 Methodological Strategies - Official Crime Data: Police reported crime – our knowledge of the production of crime is based on this. - Self-Report Surveys: Reporting one’s own criminal acts – frequently used with students. - Victimization Surveys: crimes reported by the victims themselves. Asking people about their experience of victimization. - Crime is something that is socially constructed by human practices. - Criminals To study criminals Criminology of perpetration - Classical: crime is a rational choice – not different from any other form of choice - Etiological: pathology, abnormality
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