Jan 8 2013h
Office Hours of TA: Thursday 2-4pm LOEB C577
What is criminology? Classical: studying law making, the breaking of laws and the reaction to
the breaking of laws – Sutherland
- Studying crimes, criminals and criminalization. Scientifically establish a difference in us
- Criminalization: studying the application of criminal law
- Asks different questions: trends, decreasing, increasing, victims…etc (see slide)
- Epidemiological Approach: There is crime or there is no crime.
- Critical Criminologists: trouble this idea of crime is a obvious observation
- Look at crime as a form of a disease
Adolphe Quetelet & Guerry
- Study of society and various forms of behaviour
- Social Physics and Moral Stats studying human behaviour
- Social Physics: we can find patterns of human behaviours that can vary according to
- Moral Stats:
- Crime occurs among the young – contemporary criminology
- Maps of distribution of crime in France – Quetelet
- Tried to discover an association with the climate and crime
- Looked at broader scales and broad patterns of human behaviour.
Predictive Policing - New software’s develop to guide policing strategies – predictive policing
- Police forces use – software tells them where to go do their policing activities
- Crimereports.com - which crime took place where and when
- This is used to shape policing practices
3 Methodological Strategies
- Official Crime Data: Police reported crime – our knowledge of the production of crime is
based on this.
- Self-Report Surveys: Reporting one’s own criminal acts – frequently used with
- Victimization Surveys: crimes reported by the victims themselves. Asking people about
their experience of victimization.
- Crime is something that is socially constructed by human practices.
To study criminals
Criminology of perpetration
- Classical: crime is a rational choice – not different from any other form of choice
- Etiological: pathology, abnormality