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GEOG 1020 (20)
Lecture

Globalization
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Department
Geography
Course
GEOG 1020
Professor
Justin Stefanik
Semester
Winter

Description
GEOG 1020 Jan 15 2014 Globalization” “A process that involves the interconnectedness of different parts of the world through  common processes of economic, environmental, political, and cultural change” ­Human Geography ­Uses the question “where?” as its foundation ­Tries to understand the dynamic processes of spatial organization and humans’  relationship to their environments ­Globalization of Geography ­Death of place? ­End of geography? ­Is globalization washing away local difference? ­Does mobility reduce local attachments? ­Does globalization make distance irrelevant? ­Other Names (“redundant” according to Scholte, 2005): ­Internationalization ­Interaction between states ­Trade ­Political negotiations ­Cultural exchange ­Liberalization ­Neoliberal economics ­Free up borders to increase flows ­Capitol control ­Universalization ­Worldwide connectedness ­Westernization ­Capitalism ­Individualism ­Modernism ­New things coming from the west ­Scholte”s Conception of “Globality” ­Space ­The “where” of social life ­The term globalization references a new kind of space where the globe is the  scale or field of play ­Simultaneity plays a large role ­Release of technology ­Phone, computer, movie, trend, etc. ­Transplanetary Space ­Territorial vs. Supraterritorial  ­Properties of Globalization ­Dynamic and multi­dimensional processes ­Fast, often instant flows of ideas, things, people, and money ­Socially and spatially uneven ­Not everybody has the same connections and experiences ­Different opportunities ­New geographies of trans­territorial spaces 1) New International Division of Labour ­Trans­territorial assembly lines ­Services, production, extraction ­Migrant labour ­People brought in for a limited time to do a certain amount of  work ­E.g. Veri­Fine workers ­E.g. pair of jeans 2) Internationalization of Financial Markets ­Instant flows of capital ­24­hour trading ­Global currencies (US dollar, euro, bitcoin) ­Rise of financial services ­Crises are global 3) New Technology Systems ­Transportation ­Goods, people, disease, species ­Communication  ­Internet, telephone, satellite, TV ­Production ­Flat pack, flex production, just­in­time (JIT) production  (Toyotaism) ­Don’t have to hold much inventory; can order it in JIT 4) Homogenization of Consumer Markets ­Global brands and products dominate consumer markets worldwide ­Cultural products as well as non­cultural products ­3 Main Perspectives on Globalization 1) Hyperglobalist Perspective ­Neoliberal approach ­Liberalization, deregulation, privatization ­Globalization is a positive force leading to the betterment of humanity ­Governments interfere with progress 2) Skeptical Perspective ­Rejectionism ­People who are against globalization ­Globalization is the continuation of a history of exploration ­Exploitation of richer countries ­Leading to a more violent, fractured, and socially segregated world ­Ecological harm that cannot be undone ­Anti­globalization, or alter­glob
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