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Class Notes for Geography at Carleton University

GEOG 1010 Lecture 16: Lecture16

Glaciers March 13, 2011:35 AM Glaciers Ice and snow as glaciers cover ~ 10 of earths surface (16,000,000 km ) mostly in AntarcticaGreenland Contains 84 of all fresh water resources (in the glacial ice) Glacial deposits acc...

Geography
GEOG 1010
Kevin
GEOG 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Soil Texture, Mineral Alteration, Silt

Soils 2 March 22, 2011:40 AM Four Components Mineral Fraction Organic Matter Soil air (gases) Soil Water Mineral Fraction Classified according to changes in physical or chemical composition over time Primary minerals relat...

Geography
GEOG 1010
Kevin
GEOG 1010 Lecture 17: Lecture17

Glaciers 2 March 15, 20111:32 AM Depositing Sediment Meltwater streams also deposit sediment alongside underneath the glacial ice How do valley glaciers, modify the landscape? Glaciers not as common as streams, but do mor...

Geography
GEOG 1010
Kevin
GEOG 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Subsoil, Soil Horizon, Humus

Soils 1;For Real March 20, 2011:34 AM Soil Profile O( organic)- Oscar A(top soil)- Ate E(zone of leaching)- Eleven B(Subsoil) - Baby C(Regolith)- Carrots R(Bedrock)- Regularly Formation Factors Soil = f (Climate + Organism...

Geography
GEOG 1010
Kevin
GEOG 1010 Lecture 15: Lecture15

Streams Cont March 8, 20111:43 AM Stream Power Stream power is consumed moving the load. If there is excess power in a stream, then it may erode more materials from the stream bed or bank. If stream power is insufficient, ...

Geography
GEOG 1010
Kevin
GEOG 1010 Lecture 20: Lecture20

Bio-Sphere March 27, 2012:10 PM Biosphere Global sum of all ecosystems How to these ecosystems interact, and affect each other? Biogeography A science that looks at the distributioninteraction between plants animals , fro...

Geography
GEOG 1010
Kevin
GEOG 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Species Richness, Local Extinction

Bio-Sphere 2 April 2, 22:01 PM Community Cont Population: A group of individual organisms of the same species occupying a given area at the same time. Community: Groups of interacting populations of different species in th...

Geography
GEOG 1010
Kevin
GEOG 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Primary Succession, Discrete Event Simulation, Seed Dispersal

Succession April 3, 211:45 AM Chrono sequence: Change with time A series of communities at one location that differ in stage of development Stage of development depends on disturbance history Chrono sequence studies: compa...

Geography
GEOG 1010
Kevin
GEOG 1010 Lecture 11: Lecture11

Rocks February 8, 212:21 PM Rocks Some rocks have layers Classify? Classification is an important part of natural science Scientists often group similar objects to seek explanations for their origins Descriptive classifica...

Geography
GEOG 1010
Kevin
GEOG 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Cloud Condensation Nuclei, Fluid Parcel, Supercooling

Water cycle Precipitation Cont February 2, 201:06 AM Adiabatic Processes An adiabatic process is a change in temperature within a gas that happens only as a result of a change in pressure. Important in studying weather t...

Geography
GEOG 1010
Kevin
GEOG 1010 Lecture 12: Lecture12

Plate Tectonics Plumes January 21, 25:42 PM Continental Drift: Basically suggesting that there was only one super ocean Panthalassa one supercontinent Pangaea, that eventually split up and drifted apart. Main theorist be...

Geography
GEOG 1010
Kevin
GEOG 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Fluid Parcel, Water Cycle, Xeroderma

Water cycle Precipitation January 30, 11:44 AM Water Cycle Movement of water among the great global reservoirs Collection, Evaporation, Condensation, and Precipitation Cycling of water in and out of the atmosphere is an i...

Geography
GEOG 1010
Kevin
GEOG 1010 Lecture 13: Lecture13

Volcanic Activity March 1, 20111:55 AM Evidence for subduction at plate boundaries? Earthquakes under the mountainous continental side (edge of South American plate) of a subduction zone reveal the depth to the subducting ...

Geography
GEOG 1010
Kevin
GEOG 1010 Lecture 9: Lecture9

Air masses, Fronts Cyclones February 6, 2011:33 AM Air Masses Large bodies of air with fairly uniform temperature moisture characteristics. Define air masses based on their location source. Latitude (temperature)-Tropica...

Geography
GEOG 1010
Kevin
GEOG 1010 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Intertropical Convergence Zone, Jet Stream, Hadley Cell

Atmospheric Circulation 2 January 29, 209:39 PM Global Surface Patterns 1. Equatorial Low-Pressure Trough High insolation warms equatorial air; air rises and produces a zone of low pressure air from both hemispheres flows ...

Geography
GEOG 1010
Kevin

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