HIST 1300 Lecture
October 22, 2013
Loyalists: Loyal to the British Crown, living in the 13 colonies (i.e. USA) during the war
of independence. 15% remain loyal during conflict. Any race or gender, all don’t want the
13 colonies to not be a colony of Great Britain anymore.
Thomas Randolph Cooper: significant: a loyalist, representative of the diversity of
loyalists. Representing the tough treatment that the loyalists experience at the hands of
the Patriots. A Merchant, white. UpperMiddle class. Grabbed by the patriots, tar thrown
on him, 1 degree burns, would stay on for weeks. Paraded around town with “loyalist
pig” on his chest in the hot sun. Moves to British North America.
Josephine Freeman: Significant: A loyalist, representative of the loyalists because she
sides with the British in the revolutionary war. A black slave on the plantations of
Virginia. Married with kids. Travel from Virginia to New York to meet with the Loyalists.
Shipped to Halifax with daughters. Husband and son go to war. Get Freedom but no
equality when arriving in Canada. Samuel works at the shipyards, does good work but
gets paid less. White men start to lose jobs, rebel and Samuel dies. Josephine moves to
Africa with daughters.
John Molson (17631836): Significant: part of the English, immigrant to Canada during
the period after the American Revolution. Molson brewery formed 1786, oldest
continuous brewery. Goes from rags to riches in short time. Decides to run for public
William and Rose Elliot: Significant: symbolic of those individuals who choose Ontario
as their new home. Their complaints ultimately lead to the creation of the province.
Loyalists, farmers in Northern Mass. Substained farmers, don’t like the fact that they
don’t own their land, because it is Quebec.
Constitutional Act (1791):
Division of Quebec: Constitutional Act divides what is Quebec into two new colonies:
Lower (Quebec) and Upper Canada (Ontario) Dividing line is the Ottawa River. You own
your land in Ontario, don’t in Quebec seniorial system.
Crown Reserves: Ontarios first economic development strategy.
System of governance (1791):In Upper and Lower Canada, you will have Elective
Legislative Assemblies. Above them, Legislative council. Above the Council, LT.
Tory party: First Political party, conservatives. All about defending the status quo and
keeping things the same. Don’t believe in social mobility. Gather their support from land
Whig party: Liberal. They want change, reformists. Believe in social mobility. Supported
by Industrialists and