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HIST 2401 (22)
Lecture

US Hist Oct 10.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIST 2401
Professor
James Miller
Semester
Fall

Description
overview -Tensions ideas, ideologies, policies -1800-1808 Jefferson -War of 1812 -Sea to shining sea -Otto von? Drawings of birds -All species in North America -Illegitimate child -Had to shoot some birds to draw them (1000s?) -All achievements are a complex mix of different elements -We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. -unifying document -compromise between people that want stronger central gov  The Constitution  Issues of “representation” -- two examples  Electoral college  Slavery in the constitution -compromise over slavery -electoral college created to elect the president -many were suspicious about everyone voting, but didn’t want to just leave it to the senate -state level gov. east state has 2 senators, reps by population, every state gets at least 1. -unintended consequence is that it puts emphasis on “grey” battleground states (Ohio, Virginia, Florida, Nevada, etc.) -nullifies so many votes. Winner takes all -big states in real life may have small electoral rep -fear of too much power in Washington, fear of direct election for election. -Debatable if useful today -can win popular vote and not the election -ex Al Gore and Bush -goes to house of representatives if break even vote -ohio is a major factor in elections -slavery appears 3 times in constitution -jefferson wrote against it and took it back later -word slave not actually put there  From Article 1, Section 2: Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other persons. -20% of population enslaved -60% of slaves become part of population count  From Article 1, Section 9: The migration or importation of such persons as any of the states now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year 1808, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importations, not exceeding 10 dollars for each person. -12-13 million (not including people that died) -1808 abolished on fringes, interior it actually picks up -Canada has freedom value -other states do not. Have to recognize slaves=property of someone else  Article 4, Section 2: Privileges of Citizens of each State. Fugitives from Justice to be delivered up. Persons held to service having escaped, to be delivered up. 3. No person held to service or labour in one state, under the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labour, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labour may be due. -constitution only settles things temporarily -state and individual interest  Article 4, Section 2: Privileges of Citizens of each State. Fugitives from Justice to be delivered up. Persons held to service having escaped, to be delivered up. 3. No person held to service or labour in one state, under the laws thereof, escaping into
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