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Lecture 13

HUMR 1001 Lecture 13: HUMR 1001 A – October 11th (1)

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Carleton University
Human Rights
HUMR 1001

HUMR 1001 A October 11 th Human rights documents 1786: 13 colonies (became USA), The Declaration of Independence 1789: France, Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen The implementation of these documents came about through revolution States and governments were not welcoming of these ideas Declaration of Independence Emphasizes Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness We are all equal by nature; We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal Natural rights, government protects these rights Rooted in Lockes theory States that the government is implemented to secure rights, the people can ultimately dissolve the government when they are no longer protecting them Only legitimate form of government is a democratic one Lists the reasons that have lead the colonists to revoke The king is the problem; absolute monarch Absolute power leads to tyranny Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen States that all men are born and remain equal in rights Preservation of the natural rights of man 4 basic rights 1. Liberty 2. Property 3. Security 4. Resistance to oppression The only form of legitimate government is a democratic one Every citizen has the right to give their input as to how the nation should be run Freedom is only limited when one starts to interfere with other peoples rights What is not forbidden by law is permitted Free communication of thoughts The state cannot use cruel and unusual punishment One is innocent until proven guilty Right to hold government accountable for its actions How can one be denied basic rights? Not seen as fully human
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