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Lecture 4

HUMR 3502 Lecture 4: Week 4(1)

2 Pages

Human Rights
Course Code
HUMR 3502
Bill Skidmore

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HUMR3502A: February 2nd , 2016. Week 4(1) NO MORE DELAYS PUTTING AN END TO THE EU TRADE IN “TOOLS OF TORTURE – Amnesty International - Concerning trade in certain goods which could be used for capital punishment, torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment o Extending the existing prohibition in the Regulation on ‘electric-shock belts’ to cover ‘stun-cuffs’ ‘stun sleeves’ and any other electric-shock devices ‘which are intended to be worn on the body by a restrained individual’ o Adding spiked batons, to Annex II of the Regulation, and thereby prohibiting their import and export o Extending the scope of Annex III of the Regulation to include, and thereby controlling the export of, certain drugs which could be used for the execution of human beings, such as sodium thiopental and pentobarbital - EU in 2006 passed multilateral trade controls to prohibit the international trade in equipment which has no practical use other than for the purposes of capital punishment, torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment - Loopholes, inadequate implementation of regulation, and forms of trade of torture equipment still occur in the EU - Type of torture weapons used o Electric shock belts: Belt wrapped around the body that upon remote activation release over 50,000 volts of electricity into the victim. Relies on constant level of fear and intimidation that it will be activated at any time. Used by the US and South Africa and Hungary and manufactured by Denmark and Germany o Thumb Cuffs/Finger Cuffs: Not formally legally but their use as a form of effective policing is unproven but their use as a form of stress, intimidation, and pain that amounts to torture is evident o Leg Irons, Chains and Shackles: Rule 33 of the UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners states bans use of cuffs and shackles meant to cause harm. Legs irons, weighted shackles, etc.
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