Lecture 5 – History of Canadian Newspapers 20140206
Handout – Canada’s first newspaper – The Halifax Gazette
Funnily, this paper was published by an American – Bart Green (newspapers were more common in the
13 colonies – US)
Halifax, at the time, was a key military garrison town – so Green came over there with a printing press,
set up the publishing house, but died before the first issue was published. So his friend John Bushell
Bushell did have problems with debt and booze.
This was close to a decade or more before the British conquest of New France.
He starts off with his promise to newsreaders, apologizing about the lateness of publishing.
News items included stories in chorological order – as they got more news about a story, they just kept
filling up their columns, as they couldn’t delete stuff.
Even in 1791, newspapers and media came relatively late to what became Canada. When it did, it was
a time when people wanted to be more involved and informed about society and governance.
For a long time, NF didn’t want any papers. One printing press existed for the use of a church.
1 – Where American printers came to British NA and set up publishing houses
2 – Canadian media is becoming part of the public sphere – people are looking for information from it.
Historical events and figures were entwined with politics. Journalists were often actively