Class Notes (836,147)
Canada (509,656)
Philosophy (644)
PHIL 1301 (86)

January 16.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

PHIL 1301
Nalini E Ramlakhan

January 16 , 2014 Descartes Legacy & Non-Cartesian Dualism Pineal gland and religious associations • Hinduism - third eye • Buddhism and meditation • Christianity – the way to enlightenment and spirituality • Mathew 6:22 – the light of the body is the eye; if therefore thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be full of light Descartes and Plato • Descartes theory of mind resembles Plato’s theory • In the Meno and Phaedo, Plato spells out his theory of mind and the minds relation to the body o Descartes and Plato have similar concepts of the body • Both Descartes and Plato are pioneers of Rationalism o Rationalism is contested with Empiricism* Other forms of Dualism • Cartesian dualism is not easy to defend, and there are velar problems in explaining mind and body interaction • There were many philosophers who attempted to defend dualism by adding and dropping some parts while maintaining its core • There have been theorists who attempt to keep the main insights of Cartesian Dualism while attempting to solve the mind body problem Parallelism • Descartes o Distinct substances • Proponents of parallelism accept this view of the world being divided into 2 distinct substances o However deny that mental and material casually interact o Minds appear to interact with the material world – just an appearance  Events in mind systematically co-vary w material events o Defend by claiming that co-variation btwn mental and physical is a brute fact about universe – just the way it is o Others claim God intervenes to ensure mental and physical sequences run in parallel  Many theories that have God as the backbone of everything run into issues unless God can be proven to exist Occasionalism • A variant of parallelism • Accords God a more active role in the world o For every single event, God is there playing an active role, making is appear as if mental and physical events causally interact • Both occasionalism and parallelism are seen as more advances then Cartesian dualism because it solves the problem of mind-body interaction by claiming that it
More Less

Related notes for PHIL 1301

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.