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Lecture 6

PHIL 2550 Lecture 6: Week 3, January 22
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2 Pages
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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 2550
Professor
Joshua Shepard

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January 22, 2018
Moral vs conventional norms
Moral; hold independent of any authority, universally applicable, justified to
appeal to harm done to others, their rights, violations are very serious.
Conventional; authority dependent, locally applicable, justified by appeal to
convention, violations not as serious.
Kids seem to latch on easy to the difference between moral and
conventional.
Psychopaths view all norms as conventional.
Multi- system moral psychology;
Moral judgeet is the produt of iteratio ad opetitio etwee
distinct psychological systes.
What is a psychological system? a part of the mind that performs a
specialized function(s), perhaps in a specialized way(s).
How do you individuate psychological systems? visual system (forms a
specialized function) auditory system (provides 3D representation with
sound waves)
Is moral judgement driven by intuition/ reasoning, or by affect/emotion?
Judgements of bodily harm are often at issue.
Be careful not to slide from evidence of different psychological processes to
the posit of different psychological systems.
Trolley case etc.; why do people say SWITCH or PUSH?
Joshua Greee’s odel; persoal har triggers a eotioal alar ell;
do’t do it!
Why might moral judgement work in this way?
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Description
January 22, 2018 Moral vs conventional norms Moral; hold independent of any authority, universally applicable, justified to appeal to harm done to others, their rights, violations are very serious. Conventional; authority dependent, locally applicable, justified by appeal to convention, violations not as serious. Kids seem to latch on easy to the difference between moral and conventional. Psychopaths view all norms as conventional. Multi- system moral psychology; Moral judgement is the product of interaction and competition between distinct psychological systems. What is a psychological system? a part of the mind that performs a specialized function(s), perhaps in a specialized way(s). How do you individuate psychological systems? visual system (forms a specialized function) auditory system (provides 3D representation with sound waves) Is moral judgement driven by intuition/ reasoning, or by affect/emotion? Judgements of bodily harm are often at issue. Be careful not to slide from evidence of different psychological processes to the posit of different psychological systems. Trolley case etc.; why do people say SWITCH or PUSH? Joshua Greenes model; personal harm triggers an emotional alarm bell; dont do it! Why might moral judgement work in this way? DDE (doctrine of double effect); one should not employ morally bad means. People might be judging that pushing the man involves physical contact, which is aversive. How would you test between these kinds of explanations? People do not generally describe their reasons for judging in terms of sophisticated psychological principles. Moral dumbfounding- a person Q makes a moral judgement Q confidently regards as correct, but Q can provide no general moral principle that accounts for it. Jonathan Haidt; difficult- to- justify moral judgements are outputs of
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