PSCI 3603 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: News, Stanley A. Mcchrystal

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Strategic Thought & International Security
PSCI3603A
McDougall
July 28, 2016
Lecture 8 – Civil Military Relations
What is Civil-military Relations?
oRelationship between a government, society, and its military
One specific branch that deals with ‘expert problem’
Before Modern Theory
oSun Tzu, Thucydides, and Machiavelli all discuss the relationship between a ruler
and their military, and the role of the General.
Clausewitz
oPrimacy of Politics “war is the continuation of politics by other means”
oThe Social Trinity government-people-military
A Resurgence of Interest
oFollowing the end of WWI
Three waves of CMR:
“Coup proofing”
Democratic CMR
Transnational/international CMR
Why Do We Still Care?
oOfficers as increasingly politically influential = the ‘expert problem’
oReflections of social issues in the military
oCurrent events
The Runaway General
oThe US falls under the theoretical realm of Democratic CMR
Two original camps: Huntington’s Objective Control and Janowitz’
Citizen-Soldier ideal
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