Class Notes (810,488)
Canada (494,139)
Psychology (2,628)
PSYC 1002 (269)

Chapter 14: Psychological Disorders (1)

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Carleton University
PSYC 1002
Lorena Ruci

Lecture 14: Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders  A psychological/mental disorder is a combination of how someone behaves, feels, or thinks that deviates from the norm (maladaptive) and causes the person emotional and cognitive distress  The medical model o Mental disorders should be treated with same rigour and level of scientific objectivity as disorders that originate in the body o Should be perceived as being a disease (abnormal behaviour = disease)  What is abnormal behaviour? o Used to be no formalized guidelines, so a lot of subjectivity in diagnosis and treatment o However, nowadays, we have specific guidelines in how we diagnose and treat mental disorders o Three criteria: deviant, maladaptive, causing personal distress o Deviant: has to objectively appear different than the norm o Maladaptive: behaviour that is disrupted in a way that prevents a person from functioning in their everyday life school, work, bathing, eating, etc.) o Personal distress: subjective pain (emotional, cognitive); don’t feel bothered by what they’re experiencing/how they’re behaving  A continuum of normal/abnormal Prevalence, Causes, and Course  Epidemiology o Study of distribution of mental disorder in the population o Which group of people (i.e. gender) is most affected  Prevalence o Percentage of population exhibiting the disorder at specific time o Now, 17% of Canadian population is diagnosed with a mood disorder  Lifetime prevalence o Percentage of people diagnosed at any time of their lives o Much more useful statistical concept o At least once, people have been diagnosed with a disorder o Higher than prevalence o With some disorders, there are recurrence rates (you have depression once, you’re more likely to be diagnosed with it again, or with another disorder) o Lifetime prevalence of all mental disorders in Canada is 44%; these people will show signs of one disorder at least once in their life  Diagnosis o Distinguishing one illness from another o Summarizes specific symptoms that are pertinent to a disorder  Etiology o Causation and developmental history of illness o Factors that make some people at higher risk than others  Prognosis o Forecast about probable course of illness Psychodiagnosis: The Classification of Disorders  American Psychiatric Association  Diagnostic and Statistical Manuel of Mental Disorders (1952) (DSM – 4TR)  Multiaxial system  Five axes or dimensions o Axis 1 Clinical Syndromes o Axis 2 Personality Disorders/Mental Retardation o Axis 3 General Medical Conditions o Axis 4 Psychosocial and Environmental Problems o Axis 5 Global Assessment of Functioning  Taxonomy;
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 1002

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.