PSYC 1002 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Sat, Graduate Record Examinations, Kim Peek

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13 Aug 2016
Department
Course
Professor
CH 9 A-F : INTELLIGENCE
A-STUDY IN INTELLIGENCE
Steele & Aronson (1995)
Stereotype threat and intellectual test performance of African americans. Journal of personality
and social psych, 69(5),797-811
Why minority groups perform more poorly than whites on standardized intelligence tests?
Graduate record examination(GRE)
Etscanada.ca
Similar to LSAT,MCAT tests
1 day, high stakes tests
Test people to law/medical school
Many graduate schools-GRE-one full day, high stakes test, result big impact
GRE example 1
The dollar cost of manufacturing x refrigerators is 9,000+400x. the amount received when
selling x refrigerators is 500x dollars. What is least number of refrigerators that must be
manufactured and sold so that amount received is at least equal to manufacturing cost?
GRE example 2
What phrase is most opposite in meaning to ARRHYTHMIC
A) timely
B) subordinate
C)lacking precision
E)exhibiting regularity
GRE example 3
The greatest number of diagonals that can be drawn from one vertex of a regular 6-sided
polygon is:
GRE example 4: 30 min written critique
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6 months ago Forestville increased speed limit for its highways by 10 miles per hr. since that
change took effect the number of automobile accidents in Forestville has increased by 15%. The
speed limit in neighbouring elmsford, remained unchanged and accidents declined slightly
during same 6-month period. Therefore, if citizens of Forestville want to reduce number of car
accidents they should campaign to reduce forestville’s speed limit to what is was before the
increase
Steele & aronson (1995) Exp 1
114 standford students
3 subtle instruction conditions:
Diagnostic: personal factors involved in performance on problems
Non-diagnostic: factors involved in solving problems
Challenge: mental challenge
No alcohol, tuition for undergrad 14-15,000 per semester
Experiment 1
Steele & aronson (1995) EXP 4
24 black, 23 white Stanford students
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Received identical instructions
Background: age, yr in school, major, siblings, parents education
Half asked race, half not
Answer GRE questions
Performance?
Steele & aronson (1995) conclusions
Stereotype threat: risk of confirming negative stereotype about one’s group
Danger of IQ & other tests
Do you belong to a group who might suffer stereotype threat?
B-WHAT IS INTELLIGENCE?
Are you smart?
APA defines smart:
Understand complex ideas
Adapt effectively to environment
Learn from experience
Engage in various forms of reasoning
Overcome obstacles
Is kim peek smart? Is he? Brain man fictionalize account real life
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