PSYC 1002 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Bulimia Nervosa, Anorexia Nervosa, Motivation

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13 Aug 2016
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CH 10-MOTIVATION & EMOTION A-G
A-WHAT IS MOTIVATION?
What makes us do anything?
What motivated them?
-terry fox-run 100+ marathons, cancer research
-nelson mandela-27 yrs in prison, came out president of africa
-tiger woods-#1 golf –sexual content
-amanda todd-bullying, took her own life
Basic concepts
Motives: needs, wants, desires leading to goal-directed behavior (biological&social)
Drives: internal tension that pushes us to reduce that tension to achieve homeostasis
Incentive: external goal that pulls behavior
Incentive-pull, drive –push
Biological & social motives
Intrinsic vs extrinsic motivation
Intrinsic motivation: internal factors such as self-determination,
curiosity,challenge,effort.inherently interesting/enjoyable. Provided by you
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Extrinsic motivation: incentives such as rewards, punishments. Done to achieve some other
goal. Provided by others
Intrinsic X extrinsic motivation
Intrinsic motivation->greater achievement than extrinsic alone
Add extrinsic reward (money,prizes)-> undermines intrinsic motivation
When extrinsic reward consists of praise->enhances motivation
What do you do that is intrinsically/extrinsically motivated? Both?
Evolutionary approach to motivation
Goal: maximize reproductive success
Instinct: not learned, universal
Just label behavior rather than explain it?
Some motivation learned, some not
But, evolutionary approach suggests we should all be similarly motivated
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
Abraham maslow (1954)
Basic human needs must be satisfied before higher needs can be met
Where r u?
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B-HUNGER
Gastric signals
Canon and washburn (1912)
“press key when hungry”
Swallon a balloon
Stomach did what?
Examine the correlation of hunger
Contraction? Expansion?
Cannon&washburn found…
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