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Lecture 5

PSYC 2301 Lecture 5: Chapter 5: Health Compromising Behaviours

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PSYC 2301
Tarry Ahuja

PSYC 2700 Chapter 5: Health Compromising Behaviours *All content belongs to Tarry Ahuja where cited in lecture slides* Health Compromising Behaviours: Referred to as risk or problem behaviour Common health compromising behaviour (HCB) characteristics: o Window of vulnerability in adolescence o Selfpresentation, gradual development o Provides some pleasure, common predictive factors o Similar profile of substance abuser, socioeconomic drivers Substance Dependence: defined in DSMIV as When individual persists in use of alcohol or other drugs despite problems related to use of substance, substance dependence may be diagnosed Compulsive repetitive use may result in tolerance to effect of drug withdrawal symptoms when use is reduced or stopped Substance Dependence: APA (2000) defines it as When use has repeatedly selfadministered agent resulting in tolerance, withdrawal, compulsive behaviour Substance abuse can include: physical dependence, tolerance, addiction, withdrawal Substance Dependence: Harms Reduction Harms reduction: approach focusing on risks consequences of substance use rather than on drug use itself Sets more realistic goals Implemented through communitybased programs o Methadone clinics, needle exchange programs Substance Dependence: Insite Program Insite program started in 2003 in Vancouver st Canadas 1 safeinjection site Offers disposable injection kit, sterile tools, medical support Benefits of Insite Program: o Reduces rates of transfer of infection disease o Lowers longterm costs to healthcare system o Improved access health care services, including primary care and addiction treatment o Brings stability to community, safer environment Illicit Drug Use: *graph in lecture slide* Illicit drugs = illegal
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