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Lecture 20

PSYC 2400E - Lecture 20 - March 26, 2013.docx

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Carleton University
PSYC 2400
Julie Dempsey

Tuesday, March 26, 2013 PSYC 2400 - Winter 2013 Lecture 20 NCRMD versus Automatism • Verdict outcome differs: – Noninsane automatism results in a not guilty verdict – Insane automatism results in an NCRMD verdict – NCRMD verdict may result in defendant being sent to mental health facility Automatism • Unsuccessful – R. v. Stone (1999) – Defence: “exceptionally cruel, psychological sadistic, and profoundly rejecting” attack by wife – He claimed the verbal abuse from his wife caused him to kill her • Successful – R. v. Parks (1992) – Man killed his father-in-law and injured his mother-in-law without knowing he did it – Says he was sleep walking Intoxication as a Defence? • R. v. Daviault (1994) – Found not guilty • In 1995, Bill-C-72 was passed – Intoxication is not recognized as a defence for violent crimes • If you are intoxicated without knowing, it can be used as a defence Dealing with Mentally Ill Offenders • Police have two options: – Mental health system – Criminal justice system • Biases may exist in the conditional release of mentally ill offenders – Likely to be conditionally released as a result of mandatory supervision and to have their release suspended Treatment Options • Facilities for treatment include: – Psychiatric institutions – Hospitals – Assisted housing units • Community treatment orders • Diversion Mental Health Courts • Objectives: – Divert accused charged with minor to moderately serious criminal offences – Facilitate a defendant’s fitness to stand trial evaluation • Try to shorten treatment time – Ensure treatment for a defendant’s mental disorders – Decrease likelihood of repeat offences Sentencing and Offender Treatment Today’s Class • Purposes and principles of sentencing • Sentencing options (*know these!*) • Sentencing disparity (*be able to define*) • Parole • Historical background • What works in offender treatment? • Punishment-based strategies • Principles of effective correctional treatment (*Important!*) Sentencing Why Do We Sentence People? • Specific deterrence • Reduce probability that an offender will reoffend • Specific offender • General deterrence • Reduce probability that members of the public will offend in the future • Denunciation • Disapproval of an act • Incapacitation • Separate offenders from society • Reparation • Make am
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