Class Notes (839,561)
Canada (511,396)
Psychology (2,716)
PSYC 2400 (274)
Lecture 13

PSYC 2400E - Lecture 13 - Feb. 28, 2013.docx

5 Pages

Course Code
PSYC 2400
Julie Dempsey

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Thursday, February 28, 2013 PSYC 2400 - Winter 2013 Lecture 13 Increasing Impartiality • Change of venue: Moving a trial to a community other than the one in which the crime occurred – not very common – Especially done in a small town, everyone knows each other, jurors would be biased – Party (defendant or Crown) must show reasonable evidence that the jurors would be biased • Adjournment: Delaying the trial – very infrequent – longer the trial is prolonged, witnesses memories aren’t as fresh • Challenge for cause: An option to reject biased jurors – Unique to Canada – Not in every trial – Person in jury pool is asked specific questions, then two other potential jurors decide if the person can be a unbiased juror Jury Selection: Case-Specific • Identify the characteristics of the “ideal” juror to have or to avoid • Trial-consultants • O.J. Simpson – supplemental juror questionnaire (294 questions) – every juror had to fill out the questionnaire Example Questions: Simpson Trial • Have you ever had your spouse or significant other call the police on you for any reason, even if you were not arrested? • Have you ever asked a celebrity for an autograph? • Have you ever given a blood sample to your doctor for testing? • Are there any charities or organizations to which you make donations? • Do you own any special knives (other than for cooking)?" Jury Nullification • Ignoring the law and using other criteria for verdict • May occur when laws are out of date • Nullification instructions may influence jury decision making producing both socially favourable and socially unfavourable verdicts Studying Juror/Jury Behaviour • Post-trail interviews • Archival Field Study • During actual trials • Simulations Lab Study Post-Trial Interviews • Not possible in Canada because jurors are forbidden by law from disclosing content of their deliberations • Post-trial interviews with jurors from the U.S. can provide a valuable data source • Limitations: – Social desirability of responses – Inaccurate recall Archival Records • Use of previously recorded information • High external validity – actual cases that can be analyzed • Limitations: – Inability to establish cause and effect – Limited in questions that can be researched – No control over biases that may have influenced record • No idea what actually happened at the time Field Studies • Research conducted within a real trial • Limitations: – Permission from the courts may be difficult – Variables of interest cannot be controlled Simulation • Mock jurors – Written, video, or audio format of the trial – Render verdict and make other judgments • Factors of interest can be manipulated • Limitations: – Generalizability to real world is questionable – Real jury has 12 people vs. only one person in a simulation Juror Comprehension Aids • Note-taking – Judge decides in the jury can take notes – Less likely to miss information – Controversy: bias for those who do take notes vs. those who don’t; rely on that person who took the notes, but they may not recorded the information correctly – Meta-analyses suggest positive outcomes • Gives jurors something to do • Asking questions – Research suggests it’s basically neutral – Can write down a question, then s
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.