PSYC 2600 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Scientific Method, Shared Belief, Nomothetic

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PSYC 2600 - Personality
Personality as a Science
Personality is a very complex and non-observaonal concept. There are many dierent aspects of
personality and thus it is so hard to explain.
Personality is about how individuals dier from others, not how they are the same.
Focus’ on individuality or uniqueness
Traits and psychological processes within a person
oThere is a lot more to knowing someone’s personality than just their traits however
oTraits reect a predisposion to respond to a set of smuli in a recurring/similar way
Relavely stable, enduring, and consistent
oIt is the dominant and connuing behaviour, traits, and reacons that describe
someone’s personality.
Organized (not just a collecon of descriptors)
oGroup behaviour together in order to label a personality construct
One’s personal adapon to the environment
oMOOD ≠ PERSONALITY (Stability and whether emoons are changing IS a part of
personality)
Personality is made up of many factors that a person establishes. Personality is not just a habit or a single
behaviour (such as early riser, alcoholic). It is those habits/behaviors that SOMETIMES contribute to our
personality.
Traits can be grouped together to explain something about our personality!
Ex. Avoids eye contact, doesn’t like to be in groups of people; this could be reason to believe that
someone has a shy/introverted personality
The main goal of personality is to describe the “person” whether it be a single person, group of
people, or people in general! In order to do this, there are two main approaches of study;
1. Idiographic
Every person is unique
Studying a single person in great amount
of detail
Ex. Case study approach
What makes you ck?
What are your goals?
2. Nomothec
General laws that apply to most, if not all,
people
Studying a speci9c aspect of personality
(trait, movaon, goals, etc.)
Most personality research takes
nomothec appraoch
Ex. Correlaon type studies
What are basic dimensions of personality? How
do introverts dier from extraverts? How do
a<achments in infancy in=uence relaonships in
adulthood?
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Document Summary

Personality is a very complex and non-observational concept. There are many different aspects of personality and thus it is so hard to explain. Personality is about how individuals differ from others, not how they are the same. Relatively stable, enduring, and consistent someone"s personality. Organized (not just a collection of descriptors) One"s personal adaption to the environment: group behaviour together in order to label a personality construct, mood personality (stability and whether emotions are changing is a part of personality) Personality is made up of many factors that a person establishes. Personality is not just a habit or a single behaviour (such as early riser, alcoholic). It is those habits/behaviors that sometimes contribute to our personality. Traits can be grouped together to explain something about our personality! Avoids eye contact, doesn"t like to be in groups of people; this could be reason to believe that someone has a shy/introverted personality.

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