- Better chance of not being wrongfully convicted if police officers are mentally and
- Literature review
• What is your research question
• How does it relate to existing research
• Does your research fill a gap? Is the gap important?
• What are your specific hypotheses?
- How do you plan to study your question?
- What are the potential implications of your research?
What is police psychology? - The delivery of psychological services to and on behalf of law enforcement agencies,
their executives, and employees (Aumiller & Corey, 2007).
- This clearly involves the applied practice of psychology, but it also involves research
done for or on behalf of the police.
What is the status of police psychology?
- The field has a long history, dating back to the late 1800’s-early 1900’s at least.
- Since then the field has continued to grow and roles have expanded (see next slides).
Professional associations have emerged. Tons of research is being done and journals have
appeared, which are dedicated to the field.
- Recently, theAPAhas recognized police psychology as a speciality discipline, distinct,
for example, from forensic psychology.
What do police psychologists do?
- Aumiller and Corey (2007) were the first to describe in detail the various roles of the
- They identified multiple tasks that cover several domains:
What does police psychology look like in Canada?
- We recently surveyed Canadian police psychologists to determine what they look like,
what they do, how they feel about their job, etc. (Korva & Bennell, 2013).
- 30 psychologists participated - all were involved in some aspect of police psychology.
- Recruited through newsgroups and through professional associations and Colleges.
- Sample was comprised of 17 males, 13 females.
- Average age = 49.59 years.
- 93% were Caucasian. - 4 in-house psychologists, 26 external consultants.
- Average of 14.17 years working with the police.
- 12 primary academics, 13 primary clinicians, 4 in-house police psychologists.
- 20 very satisfied with job, 8 satisfied, 2 dissatisfied.
- 10 had clinical PhD, 7 had experimental PhD, 3 has PsyD, 6 had clinical masters, 4 were
in other categories (e.g., applied IO degree).
- 14 were making $150,000+, 10 were making $100,000-149,000, 6 were making below
- 36% worked in ON, 30% in NB, 23.3% inAB and BC, 16.7% in SK, 13.3% in QC, 10%
in NS and NL, 6.7% in MN and NWT, 1% in PEI.
- 80% work for urban forces, 18% for rural, 3% for First Nations police agencies.
Challenges faced by police psychologists?
- Lack of funding from police agencies.
- Difficult clearance procedures.
- Limited officer cooperation with research.
- Miscommunication between psychologists and officers.
- Lack of police knowledge about psychology.
What needs to change for police psychology to advance in Canada?
- More educational programs. Most training was not police specific and most was from the
- More psychology training and programming for officers.
- Better communication between academics and officers.
- More hiring of in-house psychologists.
- Police psychologists should take more forensic psychology and assessment training, as
well as complete practica and internships with police agencies.
What is the state of research in police psychology?
- Very active field. - Areasonable number of journals dedicated exclusively to the field.
- Research covering a range of domains.
Snook et al. (2009) content analysis
- Surveyed 5 well known journals:
• Criminal Justice and Behavior
• Law and Human Behavior
• Behavioral Sciences and the Law
• Psychology, Crime, and Law
• Legal and Criminological Psychology
- 424 PP articles out of 3345 between 1974 and 2006
- Level of interest (divided total PP pages by total number of journal pages) increased over
Where did the research originate?
- 49% US, 22% UK, 10% Canada
- 76% focused on operational issues, 15% training issues, 8% police selection, stress, and
- In terms of operational research: 27% EW testimony, 16% EW lineups, 13%
interviewing, 10% profiling, 7% deception, 7% ot