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SOCI 1001 (238)


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SOCI 1001
Tamy Superle

Gender II: Gender Differences, Stereotypes, and Masculinity Nov. 14, 2013 Sex and gender: Sex: genetically male or female Determines role in reproduction Biological standpoint Gender: all expected and actual thoughts, feelings and behaviors Gender: social, psychological and cultural attributes of masculinity and femininity, many of which are based on biological distinctions -Gender describes societal attitudes and behaviors of and associated with two sexes Gender Binary: -This classification of sex and gender into two distinct and disconnected forms of masculine and feminine -People (...) -This is not a natural division (socialization and social construct) We are ascribed a gender that corresponds with our sex, but we also learn how to perform ‘gender’ properly. Doing gender... we all do gender everyday -The way we do our hair, way we sit, body sprays, where we shave/when, what we wear Privilege: -Privilege is the advantages that people benefit from based solely on their social status -It is a status that is conferred by society to certain groups, not decided by individuals -It can be difficult sometimes to see someone’s privilege Gender one of the major ways that we organize our lives: Western societies only have two genders 1. Female 2. Male History of the gendered division of labor and inequality: Three important factoring determining gendered division: 1. Type of subsistence base 2. The supply of and demand for labor 3. The extent to which women’s childrearing activities are compatible with certain types of work Gender Norms: Rules and expectations by which society guides our behavior Cultures list of prescriptions and proscriptions considered appropriate to sex Burger king ad: men eating meat. Men like big burgers and food. Showed only men. “Be a man” “Man up” – stereotypes Masculinities -There is no singular masculinity (or femininity) -Plural/multiple masculinities -Not all (or even) most men take on all aspect of dominant masculinity Four Basic Rules of Dominant Masculinity: From the reading. 1­ No sissy stuff- men are expected to distance themselves from femininity 2­ Big wheel- men should be occupationally or financially successful 3­ Sturdy oak- men should be confident and self reliant 4­ Give ‘em hell- men should do what is necessary to ‘make it’ Women: 1­ Women should offer emotional support 2­ The ideal woman is attractive, not too competitive, a good listener and adaptable 3­ Women are expected to be good mothers and put needs of others first 4­ Superwomen- successful at a career and a good mother/wife Starting young: Names, clothing, nicknames, interaction from birth onwards is all gendered -Boys are handled rougher than girls and allowed to rough house -Girls are talked to more than boys and encourage to stay clean Gender stereotypes: Women: • Nurturing/caregiver • Passive • Emotional • Talkative • Family-orientated • Cooperative Men: • Financial provider • Assertive • Competitive • Independent • Career-focused • Unemotional • Sexually aggressive Gender Policing: What happens when people break gender norms? Gender policing: imposing perceived typical gender behaviors on another person.
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