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SOCI 2450 (119)
Lecture 4

Lecture 4 deviance, police & citizen.docx

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SOCI 2450
Darryl Davies

Lecture 4 Police deviance/ discretion - Pathological crime: when the state/society involved has difficulty controlling crime/criminal behavior (described by Emile Durkheim). - Astudy conducted in Manchester, England by a criminologist showed that most unhappiness with the police stemmed from the way in which police communicated with the citizens. - Police discretion and the constraints that impact police and the obstacles they encounter • Police serves act of Ontario set out regulations • Alot of public complaints about police are due to the fact that police are not good at communicating. In England they have civility courses. Police Services Act of Ontario - Governs the police with statutes. They can be charged for subordination and neglect of duty if they fail to comply with the provisions of the Ontario regulations, such as failure to report - Corrupt practices - Discredible conduct: Breach of practices are what police to when dealing with the public- describable conduct, section 2 • An officer fails to treat or protect citizens equally because of discrimination • Uses profane, insulting language or is otherwise uncivil to a member of the public • They cannot be rude or insulting to another officer which they are working with. James Q. Wilson - He talks about the role of discretion in police work, and asks what are the major determinants in discretion 1. Law enforcement – a violation of a law in which only guilt has to be assessed. 2. Order maintenance – involves a legal infraction usually in a situation where a dispute has occurred and the conduct must be interpreted before the law can apply. The officer usually functions as a report taker because the perpetrator is not known. 3. Police invoked response – the officer makes the decision on his own to lay a charge or not lay a charge. This is also known as proactive policing. There is approximately an opening of 60 seconds in which the police decide to charge an individual or not. 4. Citizen invoked response – a case in which the officer acts on a specific complaint by a citizen. This is also known as reactive policing. Police (ON EXAM) - Police invoked law enforcement: maximum discretion. Police have the highest degree of discretion in law enforcement and citizen invoked response b/c the police decide whether to lay a charge - Police invoked order maintenance: least discretion. Crown control, trying to maintain order because standards of conduct have to be evaluated (because the officer is responding to a situation where they have to make a determination and there are rules and regulations) - Discretion also varies depending on who invokes the response: the police or the cit
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