WGST 3812 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Polyandry, Wgst, Emotional Labor
Marriage : more recent institution, cross-culturally defined in various ways (at different times, marriage systems emerge as a social institution to serve a purpose, video brothers share one wife fraternal polyandry. Lecture 2 introduction to family & intersectionality. 4 categories of economies: hunting and gathering (or foraging) In these economies, small groups of nomadic people subsisted on hunting & gathering. All members of group (men, women, children) contribute to production of food. Supporting non-producers threatened survival of group, population size kept small by means of abortion, infanticide, abandonment of elderly. Relative social equality b/c of lack of surplus resources, private property, knowledge of biological paternity: agrarian/agricultural. Agrarian economies based on farming and land ownership. Small-scale agrarian economies led to larger agricultural economies, which turned plant cultivation and domestication of animals into scientific enterprise. Development of concept of personal ownership of labor, natural resources, inheritance rights, serf and slave labor, laws to protect wealth.