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Lecture 7

PSYC 250 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Intersex, Sexual Differentiation, FemininityPremium

6 pages33 viewsSpring 2018

Department
PSYC
Course Code
PSYC 250
Professor
Sara Radtke
Lecture
7

This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 6 pages of the document.
Gender Development, Gender Roles, and Gender Identity
Chapter 8
Gender
- The behavioural, psychological, and social characteristics associated with
being biologically male or female
Gonads
- The male and female sex glands- ovaries and testes
Variations of Sex Development
- Medical term referring to conditions that can lead to atypical chromosomal,
gonadal, or anatomical sexual development
Intersexual
- A child with gonads (testes or ovaries) of one sex but ambiguous external
genitalia
- Referred to as a disorder of sexual development
Sexual Differentiation in the womb
- Sexual differentiation begins a week or two later
o Is initiated by the sex chromosomes
- Control at least four important aspects of sexual development
1. The internal sexual organs
2. The external sex organs
3. The hormonal environment of the embryo
4. The sexual differentiation of the brain
Gender Roles and Gender Traits
Gender Roles
- Culturally defined ways of behaving seen as appropriate for males and
females
Gender Traits
- Innate or biologically determined gender-specific behaviours
Masculinity and Femininity
Refers to the ideal cluster of traits that society attributes to each gender
Masculinity
- The ideal cluster of traits that society attributes to males
Femininity
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- The ideal cluster of traits that society attributes to females
Are Gender Roles Innate?
- As gender stereotypes evolve, a trait may no longer be seen as the exclusive
domain of a single gender
- Yet, most researchers do accept the principle that males display more
aggression than females
o Which is probably the result, in part, of higher levels of testosterone
Gender Role Theory
Socialization
- The process in which an infant is taught the basic skills for functioning in
society
Evolutionary Biology
- Gender differences are due to adapting to our environment
Social Learning
- We learn gender roles from society, our environment
Cognitive Development
- Universal stages for understanding and utilizing gender
Gender Schema Theory
- Cognitive structures organize “gender”, influenced by culture; powerful in our
culture
Gender Schema Theory: Our Cultural Maps
- Sandra Bem
o Children think according to schemas that are cognitive mechanisms
that organize our world
o Schemas develop over time and are universal
o Schemas are like maps in our heads that direct our thought processes
Varieties of Gender
- Sex Typing
o A cognitive thinking pattern that divides the world into male and
female categories
o Suggests appropriate behaviours, thoughts, actions, professions, and
emotions for each
Masculinity: The Hunter
- Rights of passage in many societies
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