Deconstructing deficit thinking: practical solutions for teacher educators, educational leaders, and educational ethnographers. Preservice teacher education: problems: racialization of the students, the vast majority of these students are white, upon graduation, these preservice students select employment in urban school district with an ever-increasing percentage of students of colour. Sherry marx: whiteness and white racism among white preservice teachers: deficit thinking is entrenched in colleges and universities where preservice teachers learn; i. e. , stereotype that racialized children have low educability and are difficult to teach. Preservice teachers: manifestation of deficit thinking: culture, language, families, self-esteem and intelligence, fear of people of colour. Becoming a good teacher: pointers culturally responsive pedagogy, race and ethnicity to teach students to understand how the dominant culture denounces the ways of being, doing, and seeing by minority groups : give students assignments that address the question. What does it mean to think outside the box? .