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Lecture 1

SOCI-225 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Homicide

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Age as a Correlation of Criminal Behavior.
-Disproportionally involved in crime generally and in violent crime specifically.
Intensities in adolescence and adulthood, decreases afterwards.
Most crime is not violent.
12-24 commit disproportionally more homicides.
Peaking at 17-19.
Why Do Younger People Commit More Crime
- Maturational Reform: People are less likely to commit crime as they grow older.
-Adolescence is a period of transition marked by ambiguity.
-"In-between" children and adults are less likely to commit to conventional values to the
fullest extent.
-Confusion, marginality, and "In-between-ness"
-Adults usually conform.
Maturational Reform
1. Physiological Limitations
2. Greater reformation of social bonds (dependency)
3. Socially Responsible.
Males are over-represented among offenders.
In Canada in 2011/2012: Males made up
-98% of the accused in sexual assaults
-91% of Weapon Offences
-89% Percent of those accused of homicide.
-81% of defendants in criminal court
-85% of admissions to correctional services
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