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Lecture 3

RELG 253 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Burton Watson, Tropical Year, Magic Square


Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
RELG 253
Professor
Victor S?gen Hori
Lecture
3

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Government by Ritual
Heaven
Tian (T'ien)
Shangdi = Lord on High
Huangtian shangdi = August Heaven Lord on High
Mandate of Heaven
In theory
Sends a virtuous person to govern on the world
If that person doesn't do their job well, then Heaven shows its displeasure
e.g. causing earthquakes, bad harvests, storms, diseases, etc
In practice
For the ruler
Might makes right
e.g. If a rich lord is jealous of the king, he can attack the king by saying
that Heaven is showing its displeasure by making people rise against
the king. If he succeeds, then the lord can claim he has received the
Mandate of Heaven
For the people
Implicit right of rebellion
The theory justifies your position if you succeed
Natural force
Makes the season go round
Son of Heaven
Tianzi (T'ien-tzu)
The emperor or king on earth
Wang = king
Macrocosmic-Microcosmic Coordination
Macrocosmic
Great cycle of the Yin and Yang in Heaven
Makes the season go round
Microcosmic
Humans' way of life
e.g. In spring you plant, in summer you grow, in fall you harvest, in winter you wait
for spring
Yin
Female/shade
Earth
Passive
Cold
Winter
Death
Submissive
Yang
Male/sun
Heaven
Active
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