GEOG 2OC3 Lecture 2: Class 2 - Climate

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Climate: the long term behaviour of the weather in a bounded area usually averaged over decades or centuries. Weather: the short term, fluctuating behaviour of precipitation, cloud covers, temperature and wind, usually over timescales less than a year. The pacific region: has a marine climate influenced by the pacific ocean, with warm summers and cool winters. It has a seasonal variation in temperature with a wetter winter season, and is dominated by a type of precipitation known as orographic due to the lifting of moist air over a mountain barrier. Pacific cordillera: higher elevation (lower temperature, higher precipitation on leeward side of mountains. The prairies: the interior situation of this area allows continental climate, with hot summers and cold winters. This area is the site or polar and tropical air current convergence, and precipitation patterns decrease east to west. The southern-most parts of ontario & quebec feature a humid, continental climate, with hot humid summers and cold winters.

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