HISTORY 3H03 Lecture Notes - Military Elite, Fide, Protestantism

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Published on 15 Apr 2013
School
McMaster University
Department
History
Course
HISTORY 3H03
History 1A03 10/9/2012 7:25:00 AM
German Reformation
Martin Luther (1483-1546)
Augustinian Friar (1505)
o Catholic
Theological influences; Augustine, St Paul, Romans 1:17
The indulgences controversy (1517)
o John Tetzel, Dominican Preacher
o Pope Leo X (1513-1521) (he was a Medici)
“the envy of monks will feel differently when he is
sober”- referring to Luther
o Indulgences- “pot of divine credit”, could be accessed by
people who wanted to work their way out of purgatory
(between heaven and hell)
o 1515: indulgence for St Peter’s Cathedral (giving money to
the cathedral was a religious act/good work)
o 95 theses posted on Wittenburg Cathedral
Author; German Bible
Lutheran Doctrine
Catholicism
o Free will
o Original sin
o 7 sacraments
o faith, grace, and good works (doing good Christian acts)
Lutheranism
o Original sin
o Sola fide, gratia, scriptura (faith, grace, scriptures)
Felt altogether born again
Way to understand god is only in the scriptures
Grace was a much more active component, now up to
god to save the individual
“human will is deformed and blind… only god can save
us and only through faith can we know that”
“no man is saved by his own merit” .. good works are
useless
o “priesthood of all believers”
only god can decide who will be saved (terrible truth)
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not salvation for every believer
Spread of the Reformation
The indulgences controversy (1517)
Writings; German Bible, Letter to the Christian Nobility
Excommunication (1520): Pope Leo X
The Diet of Worms (1521): Emperor Charles V
The Peasant’s Revolt (1523-24)
Spread of Lutheranism
Dissatisfaction with Church
Popular appeal of new doctrine
Political protection (duke of Saxony)
Printing press
Institutionalization of new faith
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Document Summary

Theological influences; augustine, st paul, romans 1:17. The indulgences controversy (1517: john tetzel, dominican preacher, pope leo x (1513-1521) (he was a medici) Catholicism: free will, original sin, 7 sacraments, faith, grace, and good works (doing good christian acts) Lutheranism: original sin, sola fide, gratia, scriptura (faith, grace, scriptures) Way to understand god is only in the scriptures. Grace was a much more active component, now up to god to save the individual. Human will is deformed and blind only god can save us and only through faith can we know that . No man is saved by his own merit good works are useless: priesthood of all believers . Only god can decide who will be saved (terrible truth) Writings; german bible, letter to the christian nobility. The diet of worms (1521): emperor charles v. The cultural context: dualism, apocalypticism, gender, roman law and the magistracy. Holy roman empire (1531-1555); peace of augsburg (1555)

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