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Lecture 1

SOCIOL 3B03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: De Jure, Hutterite, De Facto


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCIOL 3B03
Professor
Tulsie Raghubir
Lecture
1

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CHAPTER 1 - Race, Ethnic, and Aboriginal Relations: Patterns, Policies, Perspectives
INTRODUCTION: THE GOOD, THE BAD, AND THE IN-BETWEEN
Firsts
Citizenship Act of 1947
Disregard distinction b/w immigrants and native born citizens
Immigration Act of 1967
Abolished all quotas/ preferences on basis of race/ ethnicity
Used to be quotas back in the day….. “upper class European counties, the continent of Africa”
UN Nansen’s Medal 1986
For humanitarian response to global refugee problem
– Multiculturalism
Constitutionally endorse multiculturalism
Shortcomings
Falls short concerning “ideals on tolerance, openness, and a commitment to inclusiveness”
Aboriginal issues (Kashechewan Reserve, etc)
In-Between
•Diversity is prevalent but within patterns of relations a hierarchy exists
•Dominant group
•Subdominant minority group
“What exactly is meant by the expression “race, ethnic and Aboriginal relations”? (Fleras, 2011, p. 10)
macro-sociological approach
focus is on large groups of people or institutions
(gov’t, ethnic groups, societies, etc.)
Contact and Response
Interaction comes about when different people come in contact
Types of Contact
force/conquest (dominant group takes territory by force or conquest)
Colonization (acquiring land/resources through a more peaceful means and populating it)
forced migration (subordinate group is brought by force for exploitative purposes)
voluntary migration (immigration of people seeking a better or different life)
When two unequal groups interact one (or more) of the following will materialize:
genocide
assimilation
integration
segregation
cultural pluralism.
Genocide
deliberate and systematic killing, or mass killings of a despised group who dwell in a territory occupied
and controlled by the killers
UN 5 classes
Members are slaughtered for disappearance
Conditions are created that foster dispersal by destroying the foundation of the community
Psychological abuse or physical discomfort to dissolve group
Children transferred to destroy culture

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Involuntary sterilization, birth control or abortion
WORLD WAR 2 ….. FINE EXAMPLE OF GENOCIDE
-Reasons behind genocide in history
oResources, money, land, diamonds
oScapegoat
oTo get ahead – military wise
Cause self-hatred
-Make a group hate themselves -> cause them to kill each other (MARXIST PHILOSOPHY; I
don’t like you and I don’t want to destroy you so you can cause conflict and they destroy
themselves)
Give children
-Drugs, weapons, make them into child soldiers
Top 20 th
Century Genocides
-1) Jews – 1933-45 – 8 million murdered
-2) Ukrainians – 1932-33 – 7-10 million murdered
-3) Cambodians – 1975-79 – 1.5-2 million
-4) Armenians – 1915-16 – 1.5 million
-5) Rwandans – 1944 – 800,000
-6) Serbs – 1941-45 – 750,000
-7) Bosnian Muslims – 1992-95 – 300,000
Directly
Militarily
Indirectly
Spread of disease
oIntroduce something that have no antibodies
oHudson’s Bay….. purposely infected Smallpox into blankets and
dropped them off at Aboriginal tribes (ultimately some tribes
were wiped out; fatalities)
Loss of livelihood
Resocialization (kidnap you from your family and reserialize you into
being more civilized)
Foreign practices (education/ organized religion)
Examples:
Australia’s aborigines
Aboriginals in Canada (Beothuk in Newfoundland)
Armenians by the Turks
Cambodia
Indigenous populations in the Amazonian Rainforest
Jewish by the Nazis
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