BIOL 1204 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Microevolution, Random Effects Model, Macroevolution

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2 Oct 2016
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Biology 1204 Mid Term 1 Study Guide
Biodiversity and Evolution
-There were 5 mass extinctions
-Evidence for evolution
-Direct observation of evolution in action
-The fossil record
-Anatomy and embryology
-Biogeography
-Molecular biology
Mechanisms of Evolution 1
Evolution
-Evolution (definition)
Variation
-Genotype
-Phenotype
-Gene
-Locus
-Allele
-Organization of Biodiversity: traditional or functional perspective vs. evolutionary
perspective
-Species
-Subspecies
-Population
-Variation among species (Galapagos Finches)
-Variation within species (Northern Flickers)
-Variation within populations
-Continuous
-Discontinuous
-Variation within individuals
-Population genetics
-Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
-Does all variation have a genetic basis?
-Role of the environment (equations)
-Phenotypic Plasticity (role of the environment)
-Heritability (probability)
-Inheritance
-How to measure heritability
Mechanisms of Evolution 2
Natural selection
-How does evolution by natural selection work?
-Stabilizing, directional (beach mice), and diversifying selection
-How does natural selection result in adaptation?
-Darwin (species not immutable)
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