Class Notes (811,169)
Canada (494,539)
Classics (36)
CLAS 2051 (21)

Archaeology of Religion 17.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

Mount Allison University
CLAS 2051
Fiona Black

Religion of the Empire: Cult of the Emperor 1. Historical Framework: From Republic to Roman Empire  from the 4th century BCE the Romans started an expansionistic strategy of conquest  the Romans took the conquered and made them partners (in other words, they assimilated them into the Roman domain)  characterized by Roman imperialism  the acquisition of  eventually the acquisition of all these states led to unrest, in an effort to seize the power of Rome  2nd c. BCE - beginning of 1st c. BCE: civil wars  1st century BCE: Pompey and Caesar were aristocratic landowners and military generals  27 BCE: Octavian Augustus was the first emperor of Rome o Augustus' imperial cult becomes one of the most important tools of the empire  political transformation which is reflected in change in art and architecture 2. The Beginning of the Imperial Cult  the Romans began the practice of deifying their dead rulers with Julius Caesar o his birthday was celebrated by public religious services o his name was given to the month of his birth (July) o he was celebrated as a god  before he died, Caesar received the right to have a cult in his honour, to mark his house like a temple, and to place his "imago" in the procession of the gods that featured in Roman parades and festivals  the Roman ruler had image portrayals of himself all over Rome, i.e. coins (recall: Christ said "give to Caesar what belongs to Caesar") o coins were a form of propaganda- had a huge diffusion all over the empire  Caesar built a public space devoted to political and administrative activities, named it after himself: Forum of Caesar o included a temple (the focus) and porticos to enclose the forum space  stood on a high podium  the rear was later transformed by creating a niche for the cult statue  inside a giant statue of Venus, flanked by a statue of Julius Caesar and of his lover Cleopatra- Caesar asserting that he is divine and to be worshipped as a god o the temple was dedicated to Venus Genetriz o Caesar claimed to be a descendant of Venus  Apotheosis o
More Less

Related notes for CLAS 2051

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.