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Lecture

History of Children's Rights .docx


Department
Child and Family Studies
Course Code
CHFS 2216
Professor
Tom Waldock

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Wednesday January 23, 2013
History (Canadian context)
CCRC. Ch2:
- The shift in rights is from viewing children as objects to viewing them as subjects
- 3 stages in Canada
1) Children being viewed as objects of parental authority (social laissez-faire)
2) Confederation The idea that children need to be protected
3) Children are bearers of rights (3P’s)
Hammarberg Article:
- Started with British advocate Eglantyne (pioneer of children’s rights)
- 1924 Declaration of Geneva (5 Principles)
- 1959 UN Declaration on the Rights of the Child
- 1970s Social Policies and Momentum building
- 1978 Polish Government proposed Convention of Children’s Rights
- 1979 International Year of the Child
- 193 countries expect 3 sign and ratify (UN countries) massive consensus
- Exception countries: United States (signed but yet to ratify), Somalia (signed but
yet to ratify), South Sudan (not ratified)
- North America (Canadian and U.S. issues i.e. poverty, social welfare
- Situation of children has deteriorated instead of progressed
- Children’s rights are more necessary
- Children’s rights globally is much more…
- 3 reasons how the Convention will help children:
1) Once ratified, it will give us a definitive body of international law specific to
children
2) It creates a permanent international forum that will force a protracted discussion
on the rights of the child (i.e. a forum for discussion, debate, evaluation, etc.)
3) A vehicle for mobilization (used for teaching children about their rights)
- The only way to get human rights laws (women, children, etc.) is to be active
citizens
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