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Lecture 11

CLST 103 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Palatine Hill, Roman Citizenship, Euripides


Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
CLST 103
Professor
M Barbara Reeves
Lecture
11

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Friday, March 18, 2016
CLST103: Week 10, Lecture 3
Nero & Literature under Julio-Claudians
-Nero Claudius Caesar (54-68)
Pretending that the senate and people of Rome still have control of the government
(under Augustus)
People that get killed as he has become a “death-spot”
-Octavia
His wife and his step-sister
The daughter of Claudius
Has her killed
-Petronius
Literature we are looking at
-AD 64: Great Fire of Rome
Fire that rages through the city for 6 days
Much of the city core was completely destroyed
Previous emperors had lived on the Palatine hill, the centre
-Where we get the word palace from
-Nero decides, after the Great Fire, that he needs a much bigger residence
-Takes over parts of 4 different hills and the space between in order to have a
house that is more proper for the ‘leader of the world’
Tacitus, pg. 391
-Tells about how people felt about Nero’s building of the palace after the fire
-Nero’s Palace
Very luxurious
Baths with sea water brought all the way from the distant sea
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Friday, March 18, 2016
Not appropriate for the centre of a dense city
Writer’s complain that he has taken over the city for himself
-Loss of land and space
-The vast estate had a style which wasn’t appropriate for Roman living conditions
Nothing like the Atrium houses
In the style of a King’s estate
Brought in very concrete building laws, a very modern thing, what we are used to
-Same page in the Classics In Translation textbook
-Need to be more fireproof materials
-Stronger water-pressure available
-Had to have fire-extinguishing apparatuses
-Ends up by saying that these measures, though safer, made it less beautiful and
hotter, because the lower buildings in the open spaces meant that more sun got
through, everyone is a critic
-Trying to make sure that everyone is safe, and that no other fires like this break
out again
Nero is not going to be able to maintain his position at the top
-Alienated the elites
-Annoyed the lower classes by having them walk around his palace
-68 AD: Nero’s Death
Guardsmen fooled that he fled the city
Alone, no one protecting him, and he commits suicide before he can be captured
-Literature
Seneca’s Medea
-Don’t read
Petronius’ Satyricon
-Read
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