GEOL 104 Jan 15 Lecture.docx

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Geological Sciences and Geological Engineering
GEOL 106
David Alan Hanes

Readings from textbook: -Ch 1, Intro to Natural Hazards p. 2-11, p. 19-27 -Ch 2, Earthquakes ESE Continued From Last Lecture -Nature journal 2012: Approaching a state shift in earth’s biosphere -Allenby: To what end are humans engineering/should engineer the earth? We know we can do it, but SHOULD we? If yes, to what extent? -Ethical responsibility to do ESE rationally and responsibly - In managing earth systems there is an ethical dimensionyou need to define your desired endpointsis the ultimate endpoint sustainability? -Sustainable development: development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs -Martini Glass model of world’s wealth: top 5 th= 85% of the wealth bottom 5 th= 1% of the wealth UNDP: the wealth of the world’s 300 wealthiest people equals the combined annual incomes of 41% of the world’s population. -A suitable ethical framework for ESE needs both sustainability and equity -Managing the earth requires: a technical dimension an ethical dimension an economic dimension an environmental dimension All four combined is risk management Risk Analysis and Risk Management Risk Analysis/Management Overview -How to mitigate a geologic hazard (minimize loss of life/injuries -Earthquakes in past 800 yrs causing 100,000+ deaths: Shen shu, tang shan, Calcutta, Indonesia, kansu, Haiti, messina, Tokyo,
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