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Lecture 11

HIST 250 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Jutes


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 250
Professor
Laura Carlson
Lecture
11

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oJutes
Kent
King Aethelbert (560-616)
Anglo-Saxon Society
oEnd of Urbanism
Post collapse of Roman Britain
oLanguage?
Textual: Latin
Oral: Mixture of Celtic and Germanic
oLocal and Simplistic material culture
Hand-made ceramics (without kilns)
Decrease in quality
Small scale ironwork
oKings: Primary Landholders
Apportioned to aristocracy (members of the warband) to be
worked by the peasantry
oA Divided Island
Minor (unsuccessful) attempts at unity
Ireland (Eire)
oFragmentary Sources
Annals of Ulster
Hagiographical Material
Genealogical accounts
oNever fully Romanized
oHighly stratified social hierarchies and family lineages
oSmall-scale farming hunting, gathering
oNumerous political units and small kingdoms (tuatha)
Governed by regional kings (ri)
Military and political, not legislation
Over-kings versus Under-kings
o700: Four Major Over-kingships
Ulster, Connacht, Leinster, Munster
oThe Conversion of Ireland
Apostle to the Irish: St. Patrick (4th c.)
No link to Roman past (never part of the empire)
No strong episcopal presences
No Irish cities on the Roman model (decentralized and
rural)
Monasteries: most powerful land-based institutions
oCeltic Christianity and Monasticism
Highly austere or ascetic
Semi-Nomadic (vs. Benedictine monasticism)
Separate from Roman ecclesiastical tradition
oIrish Asceticism: Skellig Michael
6th century
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