POLS 110 Lecture Notes - Confederation Bridge, Morgenthaler, Secret Ballot

33 views28 pages
Published on 15 Apr 2013
School
Queen's University
Department
Political Studies
Course
POLS 110
POLS 110B
January 10th, 2013
Thinking About Politics
The monadic definition
o Focusing on one primary element as the most important to understanding a phenomena
Politics as a totalized activity
o How do you think about a political realm that is separate from, and different from other realms
o 2-3 million Cambodians were killed/died because of removal in order to establish a new regime
Politics is about
o Government
o Law
o Power and its exercise, control
o The pursuit of good (or the good life)
o The distribution of good things
Lasswell‟s “Who gets what, when, and how” (and why)
o The maintenance of order
o A social process
o Ideas and issues
o The resolution of conflict between people
Unmentioned possibilities
o Practices that once invented, can never be un-invented
Ex. Slavery
o Politics is about the willingness of some to dominate and enslave others
o Politics is about why some people hate others enough to kill them
o Politics is about why some people are at war with each other and why other people are at peace
o Politics is about why some live in luxury and privilege while others must endure poverty and
disparity
Attractions of a monadic definition:
o The comfort of a pithy definition (one word)
o Simplify complex phenomena
Problems of a monadic definition
o Complexity
o Interconnectedness
Beyond a monadic definition
o What is politics about?
Political ideas
What drives individuals to engage in war?
o Especially to enjoy it
The community and its affairs
Things that are the business of the community
o How do we know when it‟s public over when it‟s private?
No impact on others private
Impact on others public
Doesn‟t always cut it POLS 110B
January 14th, 2013
Thinking About the Political
Beyond a monadic definition
o Multidimensional
o Heuristic framework
What is Politics About
o Political ideas
o The community and its affairs
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 28 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
o Interests and their intersection
Having the capacity to define one‟ own interests
Interests are multidimensional, incompatible and inconsistent
Harmony
Complementarity
Conflict
Simply no intersect at all (discrete interests)
o Power to influence, authority
o Capacity to ensure that one‟s own interests prevail over the interests of others – Luke‟s view on
power
o Influence effective in complimentary interests
o Coercion is the conflict of interests
Politics is the exercise and possession of power, influence and authority over political communities
o What is important is what it is exercised over
Rules
o Way of organizing, regulating, or doing things
o Rules of the game that allow us to see how things are done
Governance: Choosing the rules
Multidimensional definitions
o This is useful because it focuses on key elements but it also allows us to analyze the
interconnections between the various elements
How communities are shaped
By rules and ideas
Rules reflect interests
o Specifically of some and not others POLS 110B
January 17th, 2013
Beyond a Monadic Definition
Multidimensional definition encourages analysis of interconnections:
o Community is shaped by ideas and rules
o Rules reflect interests
o Interests and power
What is Governance?
o Making authoritative choices for and about the community
o Regulating the public affairs of the community
o Ensuring that decisions are implemented by exercising power, influence and authority
By legitimate authorities
First nations gap between decisions made by the state and how they are actually
implemented
Police have openly refused to implement judicial orders
Toronto judge criticized police and government for passing orders that are not
enforced
Huge gap between all governmental levels and implementation of rules and sanctions
o Generic process of regulation, decision-making, and enforcing the rules of “the game”
o It is a process every human society, regardless of place or time, participates in
Governance and Government
o Governance: the process of decision-making, regulation and enforcement
o Government: the institutions
o Does one need a government to engage in governance?
Societies Governed by a State?
o Characteristics of governance in societies, having a state and governmental institutions
“Continuous organization of official functions bound by rules” –Weber
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 28 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Organizations/institution last longer than the leaders who govern them for a period of
time
State us highly institutionalized
Schools
Corporations
Hospitals
All of these institutions are highly rule bound
Rules codified
Designed to achieve certain goals
Monopoly on the use of force
o Individuals are not allowed to legitimately use force for the pursuit of
their own interests
Texas previously has laws that allowed for justifiable homicide
Ex. Adulterating wife
Still called into account for their actions to demonstrate
that it is in fact justified by the law
Classes: division of labour
o Whether based on race, wealth, caste, position
We cannot find a state without classes
Separation of governors from governed
o Ruling class sustained by a surplus produced by the community
Sustained by the production of those they are governing
Ex. Modern Canadian State POLS 110B
January 21st, 2013
Sovereignty and Political Authority
The state and its functions
Comparing societies:
o Stateless society:
No continuous organization
No institutionalization
No codification of rules
No monopoly on use of force
No classes: classless society
No separation of governors from governed
No ruling class sustained by a surplus produced by the community
o Societies governed by the state:
Highly organized
Highly institutionalized
Rules are codified
Monopoly on use of force
One must use state force to defend themself against others
Classes: division of labour
Separation of governors and governed
Ruling class sustained by a surplus produced by the community
o Few humans are able to live out their lives without intrusion by the state
o Homo sapiens have governed themselves, without a state, for 95% of their existence
o The modern state is young it bears no resemblance to the state in antiquity
The State
o We want to look at:
The functions of the state
Importance of supreme political authority
Origins and nature of sovereignty
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 28 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

The monadic definition: focusing on one primary element as the most important to understanding a phenomena. Politics as a totalized activity: how do you think about a political realm that is separate from, and different from other realms, 2-3 million cambodians were killed/died because of removal in order to establish a new regime. Politics is about : government, law, power and its exercise, control, the pursuit of good (or the good life, the distribution of good things. Lasswell s who gets what, when, and how (and why: the maintenance of order, a social process. Ideas and issues: the resolution of conflict between people. Unmentioned possibilities: practices that once invented, can never be un-invented. Attractions of a monadic definition: the comfort of a pithy definition (one word, simplify complex phenomena. Problems of a monadic definition: complexity. What drives individuals to engage in war: especially to enjoy it. Beyond a monadic definition: multidimensional, heuristic framework.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.