Class Notes (835,008)
Canada (508,866)
Criminology (2,174)
CRIM 101 (452)
Lecture

Crim 101 Lecture 1.docx

5 Pages
128 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Criminology
Course
CRIM 101
Professor
Barry Cartwright
Semester
Fall

Description
Crim 101 January 10 2013 1 WHAT IS CRIMINOLOGY? WHAT IS CRIMINOLOGY? cont.  Discipline of criminology Social science studying crime and related phenomenon e.g. Law making, criminal behavior, victimization and punishment  Fairly new development, about 200-300 years most ideas and concepts we know about crime and criminals emerged over 2-3 centuries  Modern crim. Is multidisciplinary (inter-disciplinary)  Influenced by sociology, psychology and biology THE FASCINATION WITH CRIME  Crime is popular topic for newspapers  There is little relationship between crime news - Little relationship between crime news and actual amount of crime (popular topic for newspaper) - Media focus primarily on violent crimes though it’s a small part of all the crime activity - Appears as though police solve more crimes and arrest more criminals than they do in reality  Deal with moral questions of goods vs. evil  Criminals appear in stories as insane or dangerous or psychopaths  Stories happen in short time span, short attention span  Easy for the public to understand FELSON’S 10 FALLACIES ABOUT CRIME 1. THE DRAMATIC FALLACY  To keep ratings high, media seek strange/violent incidents to report/create dramas around  Murder makes up less than 1% of all crime  Seems that most murders are well-planned, grisly affairs, or they happen solely by random chance  In fact, most murders start as arguments that escalate into violence  Most crimes are relatively minor 2 Crim 101 January 10 2013 2. THE COPS-AND-COURTS FALLACY  Police work made to look more dangerous and challenging than it actually is  Increased policing found to be of limited values.  Most crimes are not reported, most crimes that are reported are not solved by police  Very few elaborate court trials (charges dropped, plea bargaining, guilty plea) 3. THE “NOT-ME” FALLACY  Most people think they could never (or would never) commit a crime.  However, many people have shoplifted, smoked marijuana  Most people violate at least some laws sometimes even though they may not get caught or end up with a criminal record 4. THE INNOCENT YOUTH FALLACY  Tendency to view younger people as being “pure” or “innocent”  In reality, teen years are the most active year for criminal activity  Majority of crimes committed by younger offenders  Younger offenders often more dangerous than older offenders 5. THE INGENUITY FALLACY  Tendency to think criminals are more clever than they really are  In reality, lightweight, high value items have made crime even more simple  Most crimes take little planning, little skill and almost no time to commit 6. THE ORGANIZED CRIME FALLACY  Tendency to view crime as more organized and conspiratorial than it really is  Most criminals act quickly, avoid contact with co-offenders, and don’t do a lot of work or planning  Dealing with "organized" criminals, makes what law enforcement officials are doing more important and sophisticated then it is 7. THE JUVENILE GANG FALLACY  Juvenile gangs nowhere near as sinister as the media and law enforcement Crim 101 January 10 2013 3 officials make them out to be  Loosely structured, lots of so-called “members” just hanging out on the periphery  Crime that such "gangs" engage in is “pretty” and disorganized 8. THE WELFARE STATE FALLACY  Wrong to blame crime on unemployment and poverty  No evidence to show that government hand-outs or gov’t programs do anything to decrease crime  When the economy improves, o
More Less

Related notes for CRIM 101

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit