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Lecture 3

HIST 130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Polytheism, Talas River, Olive Oil


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 130
Professor
Luke Clossey
Lecture
3

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Recap
- French male mortality
Hebrew Gods
Polytheism: (multiple gods)
- El
- Yahweh
- Dagon
- Mot
- Lotan
- Then “el” became a word for God, instead of the name of a particular one
- Yahweh became the only God
- Monotheism started (only one God)
- In the 1400s, a big portion of population in the world were followers of Yahweh
- Christianity started from the Cult of Yahweh
- Islam branched off as a correction to Christianity
G-Booms
- Globalizing forces + boom in terms of culture and economics
- Result of exchange of ideas/goods/etc
1) First G-Boom
- There was an Empire
- 3rd century BC
- Division between East and West in empire
- West: Nobles, military culture, warriors
- East: bureaucrats, government system, not a lot of warfare
- West attacks East, wins, and unites entire empire
- 4.5 million KM^2
- Solutions to manage such a large empire:
1) Infantry
2) Roads + walls (to defend and move rapidly)
3) Cultural solidarity
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- Foreign invasions happened
- Empire breaks up again into West and East
- East: Old empire, bureaucracy but not as strong as before
- West: Nobles, ruralization, monasteries
- This was the Qin Han Empire
- Story also applies to Roman empire
- The Roman, Parthian, Kushan, and Han empires existed at the same
time
- Super interesting
- Road networks were developed
- Trade happened
- Coins found were amalgamation of ideas and figures
Roman
27 BC to 400 AD
Parthian
247 BC to 224 AD
Kushan
1 AD to 200 AD (ish)
Qin Han
221 BC to 220 AD
- Thus G-Boom 1 took place from 1 AD to 200 AD (ish)
Key Exchanges
Empire
Roman
India
China
Export
1. Olive oil
2. Wine
3. Metals
1. Spices
2. Cotton
3. Textiles
1. Silk
Import
1. Peaches
1. Walnuts
2. Grapes
- Disease (measles, smallpox) was also exported and led to decline
of population
- Fish-scale formation from Roman Empire spread
- Silk road
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