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Lecture 1

PSYC 100 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: German Shepherd


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 100
Professor
Sherri Atwood
Lecture
1

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Development Notes
Self-Awareness
From birth to 4 months infants have no sense of ‘me.’ They are responders.
Not cognizant of separation between self-other.
Self-awareness develops gradually. 12 months most still don’t see a ‘me.’
Develops from 15 months to 2 years. Red-dot experiment shows self-
recognition (leads to consciousness of other people)
Jean Piaget’s (1896-1980): Theory of cognitive development
Cognitive Development: Emergence of the ability to think and understand.
Concerned with the nature of knowledge. (kind of ahead of his time,
observing children) (it’s descriptive) (he developed tests that tried to get to
what kind of principles about the way the world works is the child using to
apply to the things they do) (children are active, they build things that are
long, things that are long) (premise: world act on world as they are agents
and the child responds back) (we call it playing” there is fundamental and
crucial cognitive development going on) (look at things at avles: can I put it
in my mouth, if not not suckable, if can’t roll a square wont roll?) What is it
and how does it develop? Proposed that knowledge develops in light of
children adapting to and responding to their environment. Child acts on the
world and the world responds back.
As a child experiences the world they develop schemas (i.e., organized
collection of beliefs and feelings about aspects of the world). Like mental
drawers or structures for the interpretation and organization of new
information. Organize and guide behaviour. (categorization, take in patterns)
(he’s thinking that but doesn’t have the biology to back it up) (how they
react to the environment) (after rolling ball, realize it has to be a certain
shape, then if someone gives big ball know it is rollable) (comes from acting
on the world)
Operations: Logical thought, rules. (ex. When something clicks and makes
sense) (look at logic children use to explain things)
During the sensorimotor stage, infants explore with their hands and mouths,
learning important lessons about the physical world such as, “If you whack
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