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University of Lethbridge
GEOG 3210
Tom Johnston

Sept 16, 2013 Reeds & Weaver Readings  Formal regions: o Attribute in common  They describe agricultural landscapes o They differ methodology  Weaver used a high speed computer to realize when certain thresholds were met to understand ag systems and landscapes  Early example of computing technology to understand agricultural landscapes  Reeds used tables of ag data and reports Early attempts by geography to study agricultural systems  Objective is to present an overview of two perspectives that dominated agricultural geography in the period leading up to WWII  Environmental determinism o Prominent in geography and to a slightly lesser extent in th th Anthropology during the late 19 and early 20 centuries o Core ideas can be traced to the Greeks (Strabo), but gained popularity after “ Origins of Species” was published  Classification and agricultural typologies o Classification is central to the scientific study of phenomena o Typologies are an early for of “model”  Model is a simplification of reality o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o Strabo argued that climatic conditions influenced the psychological disposition for various “races”  Early work by Environmental Determinists drew on the Theory of Lamarckian Inheritance o Lamark argues that these adapatations could occur within a gerneration  He confused adjustment and adapatation  Adjustment is behavioural  Adapatation is a genetic or fundamental change The Fundamentals  According to Environmental Determinism, the physical environment, especially climate, shape individuals psychologically and behaviorally, and in turn define the nature of the societies to which those individuals belong  For
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