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September 23.docx

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Department
Geography
Course
GEOG 3210
Professor
Tom Johnston
Semester
Fall

Description
September 23, 2013 The “Quantitative Revolution” and the Turn Toward Theory • The splitting of the atom in 1938 and development of the transistor in 1947, along  with the invention of the integrated circuit 10 years later, marks the beginning ,  respectively of the Atom Age and Information Age • It was a period during which there was a renewed interest in science and  technology • In the middle of this period, Ackerman (1945) pens an article criticizing  traditionally trained geographers: o Argues that in order to be taken seriously, geography needed to become  more “rigorous, focused and scientific” Principle of Comparative Advantage • Developed by British economist, David Ricardo (1772­1823) • Simply stated o Where a region enjoys same kind of advantage over some other region for  producing the same commodity, there will be a productive advantage for  the region (concentration) o Geographic concentration in regions were certain underlying conditions  give that region an advantage • New Zealand pastoral agriculture enjoys a comparative advantage stemming from  low production costs o Bio­physical conditions give advantage • Johann­Heinrich von Thunen o Unknown outside Germany and then Peter Hall translated “The Isolated  state of agriculture” into English o Johann was a German estate owner­ he noticed a regularity in the spatial  pattern of agricultural activity around German market towns o His studies into the forces responsible for the pattern of agricultural land­ use he observed represents the first attempt of explaining spatial patterns  of land use o His “Isolated State” (1826) was translated in 1966 o He is regarded as the “Father” of “Location Theory” in geography Johann Rent Theory­ Preliminaries • Noticed two generalized pa
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