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(MUSI3480) Music History IV: Romantic Music, March 4.docx

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University of Lethbridge
MUSI 3480
Brian Black

March 4, 2014 – History Symphony after Beethoven: What did Beethoven do? Cyclic ideas (thematic recall – important programmatic music) Expanded symphony (longer, orchestration) Weight of the finale (Brings everything together) Mixing of genres (chorus in the symphony) Motivic development (driving ideas, drama) st • 1 Generations: o Spohr o Franz Schubert (Unfinished symphony, C Major symphony) • 2 Generation: The split happens between conventional and progressive o Berlioz (original)  Incredible orchestrator: influenced Russian orchestrators  Interested in updated much  Didn’t care about Bach but loves Beethoven  More Avant-garde: synthesis of the genres, brings operatic ideas into the symphony (using them as characters), tubular bells,  Important conductor  He was a flutists and guitarist; fell in love with Gluck  Studying music even though he was poor  1827: Shakespeare came into his life, didn’t know English and so it sounded like programmatic music.  1828: Concert society of the conservatory (started performing Beethoven rd th for the first time in Paris (3 and the 5 )) – fell in love with Beethoven  Prix de Rome: studied in Italy  Wanted to be an opera composer but his operas did not get in; failed constantly. (but greatest operas ever written in the 19 century) Views his symphonies through operatic eyes.  His son died, his marriage failed, France would not perform his works, but it would influence Russian conductors.  His symphonies were a recreation of what the Beethoven symphonies. His critical writings see Beethoven’s as stories  Romeo and Juliet choral symphony  Viola concerto  Symphonie fantastique (episode from the life of an artist) • Fell madly in love with Harrriet Smithson but it started to sour • 5 mvts. • Cyclic, programmatic, idée fixe: theme (represents her nobility and her beauty) comes back in every movement but changes every time (thematic transformation). • 1 movement: rever
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