March 4, 2014 – History
Symphony after Beethoven: What did Beethoven do? Cyclic ideas (thematic recall – important
programmatic music) Expanded symphony (longer, orchestration) Weight of the finale (Brings
everything together) Mixing of genres (chorus in the symphony) Motivic development (driving
• 1 Generations:
o Franz Schubert (Unfinished symphony, C Major symphony)
• 2 Generation: The split happens between conventional and progressive
o Berlioz (original)
Incredible orchestrator: influenced Russian orchestrators
Interested in updated much
Didn’t care about Bach but loves Beethoven
More Avant-garde: synthesis of the genres, brings operatic ideas into the
symphony (using them as characters), tubular bells,
He was a flutists and guitarist; fell in love with Gluck
Studying music even though he was poor
1827: Shakespeare came into his life, didn’t know English and so it
sounded like programmatic music.
1828: Concert society of the conservatory (started performing Beethoven
for the first time in Paris (3 and the 5 )) – fell in love with Beethoven
Prix de Rome: studied in Italy
Wanted to be an opera composer but his operas did not get in; failed
constantly. (but greatest operas ever written in the 19 century) Views his
symphonies through operatic eyes.
His son died, his marriage failed, France would not perform his works, but
it would influence Russian conductors.
His symphonies were a recreation of what the Beethoven symphonies.
His critical writings see Beethoven’s as stories
Romeo and Juliet choral symphony
Symphonie fantastique (episode from the life of an artist) • Fell madly in love with Harrriet Smithson but it started to sour
• 5 mvts.
• Cyclic, programmatic, idée fixe: theme (represents her nobility and
her beauty) comes back in every movement but changes every
time (thematic transformation).
• 1 movement: rever