ANTH 201 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Primatology, Bioarchaeology

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31 Jan 2016
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WhatisBiologicalAnthropology?
AnthropologyTheStudyofHumans
● Linguistics
● Cultural
● Archeology
● Biological
○ Genetics
○ Primatology
○ HumanEvolution
○ Ecology
● Anthropologyisholistic
○ Considersinterrelationshipsbetweenallfactors
○ Biology,environment,andculture
● Anthropologyisinterdisciplinary
○ Manysourcesofinformation
BiologicalAnthropologyDefined
● Thesubfieldofanthropologythatstudieshumansasbiologicalspecies(ieprimates)
○ Humansaresubjecttothesameprocessesthatshapealllivingcreatures
● Complementarytoothersubfields
● Fundamentallytryingtounderstandhowhumanscametobeastheyare
● IsaSCIENCE
○ asascience,BiologicalAnthropologyasadisciplinerestsontheScientific
Method
TheScientificMethod
● Stateresearchproblem
● Developahypothesis
● Testhypothesesthroughdatacollectionandanalysis
● Ifahypothesisisverified,itbecomesatheory
○ Theory=broadstatementofscientificrelationshipsorunderlyingprinciples
○ Requirestestabilityandevidence
MajorSubDisciplinesofBiologicalAnthropology
● Genetics,Primatology,HumanEvolution,andHumanEcology
● Alsoforensicanthropology,bioarchaeology(osteologyandpaleopathology)
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